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Impacts of shade on physiological and behavioural pattern of Dehong buffalo calves under high temperature

By Zhaobing Gu, Shuli Yang, Jing Leng, Shaohong Xu, Shoukun Tang, Chuanbin Liu, Yajun Gao, Huaming Mao

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Shade shelter is widely used to reduce heat load for farm animals, but little research focus on the cooling effects for Dehong buffalo calves. The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the impacts of shade cooling on the physiological and behavioural parameters for Dehong buffalo calves. Shade with 99% blockage of solar radiation was covered on steel frame with a 2.5 m height above the loafing area floor (shaded). The loafing area of the control group was the same as the shaded group, apart from no shade shelter above the loafing area (non-shaded). Twenty-four Dehong buffalo calves were randomly and averagely allocated to the non-shaded and shaded groups. Six Dehong buffalo calves were loose housed in a barn, and they had access to loafing area. The results showed that the average daily air temperature of the loafing area under shade was lower 1.5 °C than that of the loafing area without shade shelter. No difference in rectal temperature was found between the non-shaded and shaded calves (P > 0.05), but respiration rate of the non-shaded group in noon (12:00 h, 31.6 breaths) and evening (18:00 h, 28.5 breaths) was greater than for calves in shaded group (26.1 and 25.3 breaths, respectively) (P < 0.05). When ambient temperature exceeded 30 °C, shaded calves spent much of their time (21.7%) lying in the loafing area, and no calf in non-shaded group preferred to lie in the loafing area with strong solar radiation (P < 0.05). The use of shade for calves was affected by thermal environment, and the use of shade was greater (41.4%) in hot weather (above 30 °C) than that of the warm weather (22–29 °C) (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the provision of shade above the loafing area is conducive to improving thermal environment for Dehong buffalo calves in subtropical area characterised with high ambient temperature coupled with high humidity in summer.

Date 2016
Publication Title Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 177
Pages 1-5
Publisher Elsevier
DOI 10.1016/j.applanim.2016.01.024
Language English
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Behavior and behavior mechanisms
  2. Calves
  3. Cooling
  4. shade