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In the water with white sharks ( Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia

By K. Apps, K. Dimmock, D. Lloyd, C. Huveneers

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White shark ( Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper adopts a qualitative approach to investigate beliefs underlying tourists' choice to observe white sharks while cage-diving at the Neptune Islands, South Australia. Elicitation surveys gathered responses from a sample ( n=86) of cage-diving participants. Content analysis of the responses revealed the decision to cage-dive with white sharks is driven by factors including education and the perceived naturalness of the experience. The findings of this study indicate an opportunity for cage-dive operators to provide in situ education and interpretation with potential for increased tourist satisfaction and shark conservation outcomes.

Publication Title Anthrozoos
Volume 29
Issue 2
Pages 231-245
ISBN/ISSN 0892-7936
Language English
Author Address School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Southern Cross University, PO Box 157, Lismore, NSW 2480,
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Analysis
  2. Animals
  3. Anthropology
  4. Anthrozoology
  5. APEC countries
  6. Aquacultural and fisheries
  7. Aquatic Biology and Ecology
  8. Aquatic organisms
  9. Attitudes
  10. Australasia
  11. Australia
  12. Biodiversity
  13. Biological resources
  14. Commonwealth of Nations
  15. Conservation
  16. Countries
  17. Developed countries
  18. Education
  19. Emotions
  20. Extension
  21. Fish
  22. Humans
  23. Islands
  24. Mammals
  25. Men
  26. Oceania
  27. OECD countries
  28. Primates
  29. Psychiatry and psychology
  30. Research
  31. sharks
  32. Social psychology and social anthropology
  33. surveys
  34. Tourism and travel
  35. training
  36. vertebrates
  37. Wild animals
  38. wildlife