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Human behaviour can trigger large carnivore attacks in developed countries

By Vincenzo Penteriani, Maria del Mar Delgado, Franceso Pinchera, Javier Naves, Alberto Fernandez-Gil, Ilpo Kojola, Sauli Harkonen, Harri Norberg, Jens Frank, Jose Maria Fedriani, Veronica Sahlen, Ole Gunnar Stoen, Jon E. Swenson, Peter Wabakken, Mario Pellegrini, Stephen Herrero, Jose Vincente Lopez-Bao

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The media and scientific literature are increasingly reporting an escalation of large carnivore attacks on humans in North America and Europe. Although rare compared to human fatalities by other wildlife, the media often overplay large carnivore attacks on humans, causing increased fear and negative attitudes towards coexisting with and conserving these species. Although large carnivore populations are generally increasing in developed countries, increased numbers are not solely responsible for the observed rise in the number of attacks by large carnivores. Here we show that an increasing number of people are involved in outdoor activities and, when doing so, some people engage in risk-enhancing behaviour that can increase the probability of a risky encounter and a potential attack. About half of the well-documented reported attacks have involved risk-enhancing human behaviours, the most common of which is leaving children unattended. Our study provides unique insight into the causes, and as a result the prevention, of large carnivore attacks on people. Prevention and information that can encourage appropriate human behaviour when sharing the landscape with large carnivores are of paramount importance to reduce both potentially fatal human-carnivore encounters and their consequences to large carnivores.


Katie Carroll

Date 2016
Publication Title Scientific Reports
Volume 6
Pages 8
Publisher Nature
Language English
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal attacks
  2. Animal roles
  3. Animal welfare
  4. Attacks
  5. Carnivores
  6. Developed countries
  7. human-animal conflict
  8. Human behavior
  9. human-wildlife interactions
  10. Mammals
  11. Wild animals
  12. wildlife