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Locating human-wildlife interactions: landscape constructions and responses to large carnivore conservation in India and Norway

By Sunetro Ghosal, Ketil Skogen, Siddhartha Krishnan

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Abstract

People’s reactions to large carnivores take many forms, ranging from support and coexistence to resistance and conflict. While these reactions are the outcome of many different factors, in this paper we specifically explore the link between social constructions of landscapes and divergent responses to large carnivore presence. We compare case studies from four different landscapes shared by people and large carnivores, in India and Norway. We use social construction of landscapes as a key concept to explore responses to large carnivores in the context of ecological, economic, social, and cultural changes in these areas. Based on this comparison, we argue that the process of change is complex, with a plurality of responses from the groups affected by it. The response to large carnivore presence is influenced by many different factors, of which the interpretation of change—particularly landscape change—plays a significant role. Keywords: change, social construction, landscape interpretations, large carnivores, human-wildlife interactions, India, Norway

Submitter

Katie Carroll

Date 2015
Publication Title Conservation and Science
Volume 13
Issue 3
Pages 265-274
ISBN/ISSN 0972-4923
Publisher Wolters Kluwer-Medknow
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-4923.170403
URL http://hdl.handle.net/11250/2366489
Language English
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal roles
  2. Animals in culture
  3. Carnivores
  4. Conservation
  5. Human-animal interactions
  6. human-wildlife interactions
  7. India
  8. Landscape
  9. Mammals
  10. Nature
  11. Norway
  12. Physical environment
  13. Wild animals
  14. wildlife
  15. wildlife conservation