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The effect of animal companions and state anxiety

By Heather Amber Silver

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The present study is a pilot study which examined the effects  of reading conditions (oral vs. silent), type of activity (resting  vs. reading), and the experimenter's presence (present vs. absent)  on anxiety states utilizing the State anxiety (A-State) scale of  the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) developed by Spielberger,  Gorsuch and Lushene (1970). A 2 X 2 X 2 mixed Between-Within  subjects ANOVA was performed. The results failed to support the  hypothesis that reading out loud would significantly induce a state  of anxiety, however, the results did support the hypothesis that the  act of reading significantly induced a state of anxiety and that  there would be no significant effect of the experimenter's presence  on anxiety states. Interactions between all three variables were  also found to be significant. Implications and considerations from  this preliminary research is discussed as it applies toward the  main research to follow.


Katie Carroll

Date 1987
Pages 53
Publisher California State University Northridge
Department Psychology
Degree Master of Arts
Language English
University California State University Northridge
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal roles
  2. Anxiety
  3. Human-animal interactions
  4. Pet owners.
  5. Pet ownership
  6. Pets and companion animals