The present study is a pilot study which examined the effects of reading conditions (oral vs. silent), type of activity (resting vs. reading), and the experimenter's presence (present vs. absent) on anxiety states utilizing the State anxiety (A-State) scale of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) developed by Spielberger, Gorsuch and Lushene (1970). A 2 X 2 X 2 mixed Between-Within subjects ANOVA was performed. The results failed to support the hypothesis that reading out loud would significantly induce a state of anxiety, however, the results did support the hypothesis that the act of reading significantly induced a state of anxiety and that there would be no significant effect of the experimenter's presence on anxiety states. Interactions between all three variables were also found to be significant. Implications and considerations from this preliminary research is discussed as it applies toward the main research to follow.
|Publisher||California State University Northridge|
|Degree||Master of Arts|
|University||California State University Northridge|
|Cite this work||
Researchers should cite this work as follows: