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Acute effects of intoxication and arousal on approach/avoidance biases toward sexual risk stimuli in heterosexual men

By Jeffrey S. Simons, Stephen A. Maisto, Tyler B. Wray, Noah N. Emery

Category Journal Articles
Abstract

This study tested the effects of alcohol intoxication and physiological arousal on cognitive biases toward erotic stimuli and condoms. Ninety-seven heterosexual men were randomized to 1 of 6 independent conditions in a 2 (high arousal or control) × 3 (alcohol target BAC = 0.08, placebo, or juice control) design and then completed a variant of the Approach–Avoidance Task (AAT). The AAT assessed reaction times toward approaching and avoiding erotic stimuli and condoms with a joystick. Consistent with hypotheses, the alcohol condition exhibited an approach bias toward erotic stimuli, whereas the control and placebo groups exhibited an approach bias toward condom stimuli. Similarly, the participants in the high arousal condition exhibited an approach bias toward erotic stimuli and the low arousal control condition exhibited an approach bias toward condoms. The results suggest that acute changes in intoxication and physiological arousal independently foster biased responding toward sexual stimuli and these biases are associated with sexual risk intentions.

Date 2016
Publication Title Archives of Sexual Behavior
Volume 45
Issue 1
Pages 43-51
ISBN/ISSN 0004-00021573-2800
Publisher Springer
DOI 10.1007/s10508-014-0477-x
URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10508-014-0477-x
Language English
Author Address Simons, Jeffrey S., Department of Psychology, University of South Dakota, 414 East Clark Street, Vermillion, SD, US, 57069
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Alcohol
  2. Avoidance
  3. Heterosexuality
  4. open access
  5. physiology
  6. Sex
  7. Substance dependence
Badges
  1. open access