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The Human-Animal Interaction Scale: development and evaluation

By A. K. Fournier, T. D. Berry, E. Letson, R. Chanen

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The purpose of this study was to develop the Human–Animal Interaction Scale (HAIS) and evaluate its reliability and validity. The HAIS is a 24-item self-report instrument designed to describe and quantify behaviors performed by humans and nonhuman animals during an episode of interaction (e.g., engaging with a pet, participating in an animal-assisted intervention). Participants were 295 adult volunteers who completed the HAIS in one of several different contexts, including both laboratory and applied settings. The scale was tested across several different species, including companion animals (i.e., dogs and cats), small caged animals (i.e., rats, rabbit, hedgehog), and horses. Analyses indicate good reliability, with a Cronbach’s alpha of 0.82 overall and alphas of 0.72 and higher across the different species and settings. Test-retest analyses indicate ratings remain consistent up to one week following an interaction. Evidence of construct validity was gathered by comparing HAIS ratings with other well-established measures of related constructs, as well as comparing participant reports with researcher observations. Potential uses in basic and applied research are discussed.

Date 2016
Publication Title Anthrozoƶs
Volume 29
Issue 3
Pages 455-467
ISBN/ISSN 0892-7936
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1080/08927936.2016.1181372
Language English
Author Address Department of Psychology #23, College of Health Sciences & Human Ecology, Bemidji State University, 1500 Birchmont Dr. NE, Memidji, MN 56601,
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animals
  2. Anthropology
  3. Anthrozoology
  4. Canidae
  5. Canine
  6. Carnivores
  7. Cats
  8. Dogs
  9. Evaluation
  10. Horses
  11. Humans
  12. Insectivores
  13. Interventions
  14. Lagomorpha
  15. Leporidae
  16. Mammals
  17. Men
  18. Pets and companion animals
  19. Plants
  20. Primates
  21. Psychiatry and psychology
  22. rabbits
  23. Rats
  24. Rodents
  25. Social psychology and social anthropology
  26. ungulates
  27. vertebrates
  28. Zoology