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The Contribution of Equitation Science to Minimising Horse-Related Risks to Humans

By Melissa Starling, Andrew McLean, Paul McGreevy

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Equitation science is an evidence-based approach to horse training and riding that focuses on a thorough understanding of both equine ethology and learning theory. This combination leads to more effective horse training, but also plays a role in keeping horse riders and trainers safe around horses. Equitation science underpins ethical equitation, and recognises the limits of the horse’s cognitive and physical abilities. Equitation is an ancient practice that has benefited from a rich tradition that sees it flourishing in contemporary sporting pursuits. Despite its history, horse-riding is an activity for which neither horses nor humans evolved, and it brings with it significant risks to the safety of both species. This review outlines the reasons horses may behave in ways that endanger humans and how training choices can exacerbate this. It then discusses the recently introduced 10 Principles of Equitation Science and explains how following these principles can minimise horse-related risk to humans and enhance horse welfare. 


Katie Carroll

Date 2016
Publication Title Animals
Volume 6
Issue 3
Publisher MDPI
DOI 10.3390/ani6030015
Language English
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal ethology
  2. Animal roles
  3. Animal training
  4. Animal welfare
  5. Equestrians
  6. Equitation science
  7. Health
  8. Horses
  9. Injuries
  10. Mammals
  11. minimization
  12. risk