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The Theoretical Application and Comparison of the Olfactory Sensory Organs in Swine vs Canines for Accelerant and Explosives Detection

By Naomi M. Sigler

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Abstract

Swine may be able to work alongside scent detection canines, or replace them completely, in the scent detection field. Miniature pigs are the focus of this study since their larger counterparts can cause damage to potential evidence and to the scene itself. Ignitable Liquid Residues (ILRs) are searched for in post-fire conditions, and unconsumed explosives are searched for in major transportation hubs. Swine have more functional olfactory genes and less pseudogenes than humans, canines, and mice. Swine also have a highly functioning and exceedingly organized olfactory system. Swine are social creatures, which allows them to bond with a distinct handler. Their memorization skills show they can follow basic commands and learn tasks quickly. Swine can be trained in much the same way as canines are currently being trained for scent detection of accelerants and unconsumed explosives. Swine are receptive to play rewards, but work much harder for a sweet treat, like apples and other fruit. Much of the research done with swine was for barnyard/livestock application. Due to this, there was not enough pre-existing research to conclusively state whether or not swine have more superior odorant detection capabilities over canines in a working capacity, although both systems far surpass that of a human.

Submitter

Mason N McLary

HABRI Central

Date 2016
Pages 34
Publisher Eastern Kentucky University
Location of Publication Richmond, Kentucky
Department Safety, Security, and Emergency Management
URL http://encompass.eku.edu/honors_theses/390/
Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal-assisted activities
  2. Animal roles
  3. Animals in culture
  4. Animal welfare
  5. Canine scent detection
  6. Dogs
  7. Mammals
  8. Memory
  9. miniature pigs
  10. Pigs
  11. Service animals
  12. Swine
  13. Working animals