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Human-Wildlife conflicts in Mwanachingwala conservation area(MCA) Kafue Flats of Zambia

By Mutandalike Choonga S

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Abstract

The study of the human-wildUfe conflicts in MCA Kafue flats was done in the month of August. The study used a structured questionnaire, focus group discussions and individual intennews unth randomly chosen individuals. Descriptive SPSS software was used to analyze the data at two levels: the whole data and data according to major economic actii/ities of Fishing, Crop production and cattle herders. Twelve villages and one fishing camp were surveyed. The results indicated 19.39 % of crop farmers (17.39 % of local people) were affected by the damage caused by wildlife to crops and the Monkey/Impalas accounted for 66.67 % of this conflict. From the results human-croc/hippo conflicts affected 76.92 % of the fishermen (29 % of the local people) resulting into a loss of 13 human lives in the study year. Most of the croc/hippo attacks (75 %) happened in the Kafue River and at night (90 %). At the time of study, the MCA management through free tick control measures and a planned grazing overlap design were mitigating livestock-wildlife conflicts. The study concluded that the human-wildlife conflicts in the MCA Kafue flats could be either destructive, aggressive or as health risk to the residents and their possession. The combined effects of these conflicts were observed in the increasing levels of poaching activities and animal damage intolerance. Higher wildlife damage tolerance by the local people and more proactive means when resolinng a conflict with an animal were recommended.

Submitter

Mason N McLary

HABRI Central

Date 2005
Pages 28
Publisher The University of Zambia
Location of Publication Lusaka, Zambia
Department Animal Science
Degree Agricultural Sciences
URL http://dspace.unza.zm:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/4510
Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal-assisted activities
  2. Animal roles
  3. Animals in culture
  4. crocodiles
  5. Crops
  6. Damage
  7. Health
  8. Hippopotamus
  9. human-animal conflict
  10. human-wildlife interactions
  11. Mammals
  12. Monkeys
  13. Nature
  14. Physical environment
  15. Reptiles
  16. Social Environments
  17. Ticks
  18. Wild animals