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Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

By Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

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Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline data for developing an evidence-based intervention for pregnant women and new mothers to help them adopt certain behaviors to prevent adverse animal-associated health outcomes. A survey, using the Health Belief Model as the theoretical framework, was developed and administered to 326 women attending the Women, Infants, and Children programs in Illinois and Indiana in 2015. Prevalence of dog and cat ownership was estimated to be 39% (95% CI: 33–45%) and 26% (95% CI: 21–31%), respectively. Regardless of pet ownership, 74% of the respondents reported having some type of animal contact in the past month. Pregnancy or the birth of a child altered some animal contact practices among the study participants; particularly a discontinuation or decrease in cleaning cat litter boxes. Reports of diseases contracted from animals were low (4%) in this study. By contrast, animal-associated injuries were prevalent (42%), and the majority were caused by animals the respondents owned (56%). Overall, respondents indicated that they appreciated the benefits of a program addressing animal-associated health outcomes and did not indicate strong resistance to adopt certain behaviors. The majority recognized human health-care providers as a source of information about animal contact and associated health outcomes but less frequently identified veterinarians as a source for such information. In addition, although most of the respondents felt that health-care providers and veterinarians should initiate discussions about preventing animal-associated illness and injuries, only 41% among those who had visited doctors or prenatal care services reported that their health-care providers discussed these issues with them. The results indicate the importance of an intervention concerning animal contact and associated health outcomes for the target population and provide insights to the potential implications of program implementation.


Mason N McLary

HABRI Central

Publication Title Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Volume 3
Issue 5
Publisher Frontiers
DOI 10.3389/fvets.2016.00005
URL https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2016.00005
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Hsin-Yi Weng; Kimberly Ankrom (2017), "Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers," https://habricentral.org/resources/61521.

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  1. Animal-assisted activities
  2. Animal-assisted therapies
  3. Animal behavior
  4. Animal roles
  5. Animals in culture
  6. Anthrozoology
  7. APEC countries
  8. Attitudes
  9. Behavioral research
  10. Behavior and behavior mechanisms
  11. Belief
  12. Business
  13. Children
  14. Corn
  15. Countries
  16. Developed countries
  17. Diseases and injuries of animals
  18. Economics
  19. Health
  20. Health Beliefs
  21. Health care
  22. Health services
  23. Human-animal interactions
  24. Humans
  25. Human sexual and reproductive health
  26. Hygiene
  27. Illinois
  28. Incidence
  29. Indiana
  30. Infants
  31. Infectious diseases
  32. Injuries
  33. Mammals
  34. Men
  35. models
  36. mothers
  37. neonates
  38. North America
  39. OECD countries
  40. open access
  41. Parasites
  42. Parasitology
  43. pathology
  44. Pet ownership
  45. Pets and companion animals
  46. Physical environment
  47. physicians
  48. pregnancy
  49. Primates
  50. Psychiatry and psychology
  51. Relationships
  52. Reproduction
  53. services
  54. Social psychology and social anthropology
  55. trauma
  56. United States of America
  57. vertebrates
  58. Veterinarians
  59. Veterinary sciences
  60. Wild animals
  61. Women
  62. Zoology
  63. Zoonoses
  1. open access