Therapeutic horseback riding (THR) has positive health related outcomes in children with developmental disabilities. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a 10-week THR intervention on balance and task-specific self-efficacy in children with developmental disabilities. Bandura’s social cognitive theory and the physical stress theory guided the quasi-experimental study. A pre-test post-test design (N=20) was implemented with a 10-week THR class at a riding center in Midwest United States. The first research question was: In children with developmental disabilities ages 5 to 18, does one 10-week session of THR affect balance? With time 1 balance mean at 52.55 (SD=3.65) and time 2 balance mean at 54.15 (SD=1.63), a paired t-test revealed a significant difference in within-subject balance (t= -2.43, p = 0.025). The second research question was: In children with developmental disabilities ages 5 to 18, does a 10-week course of THR affect task-specific self-efficacy? With time 1 self-efficacy mean at 42.7 (SD=5.63) and time 2 self-efficacy mean at 48.10 (SD=2.19), a paired t-test revealed a significant difference in within-subject means (t= -5.08, p< 0.001). Therefore, both balance and self-efficacy were significantly increased after a 10-week THR intervention.
|Degree||Bachelor of Science in Nursing|
|University||University of Akron|
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