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Extensive human presence and regular gentle handling improve growth, survival and immune competence in ostrich chicks

By P. T. Muvhali, M. Bonato, A. Engelbrecht, I. A. Malecki, S. W. P. Cloete

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Category Journal Articles
Publication Title J Appl Anim Welf Sci
Pages 1-13
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
DOI 10.1080/10888705.2019.1640696
Language eng
Author Address a Department of Animal Sciences , University of Stellenbosch , Matieland , South Africa.b Directorate Animal Sciences , Oudtshoorn , South Africa.c School of Animal Biology M085, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences , University of Western Australia , Crawley , WA , Australia.d Directorate Animal Sciences , Elsenburg , South Africa.
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Tags
  1. Animal welfare
  2. Human-animal interactions
  3. Immunity
  4. performance