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Assessing the dyadic social relationships of female african (Loxodonta africana) and asian (Elephas maximus) zoo elephants using proximity, tactile contact, and keeper surveys

By Mary Bonaparte-Saller, Joy A. Mench

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Abstract

Understanding the affiliative social relationships, or bonds, between zoo elephants has implications for both their welfare and management, yet there is limited work assessing and describing these bonds. Consequently, there is a need for the development of a reliable assessment tool. We used...

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Tags
  1. connections
  2. Elephants
  3. Social behavior
  4. surveys