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The Best Medicine: Personal Pets and Therapy Animals in the Hospital Setting

By D. Barchas, M. Melaragni, H. Abrahim, E. Barchas

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Abstract

Companion animals can have a positive impact on people's health and well-being. Personal pet visitation and animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) can benefit patients' pain, blood pressure, stress, depression, and anxiety, as well as increasing mobility and socialization with staff and families. Implementing personal pet visitation and/or AAI programs requires the involvement of stakeholders from multiple disciplines. AAI is generally well received by staff. Animal presence in the intensive care unit carries few risks for humans and animals but is not risk free. Programs should be designed to minimize these risks. Effective planning can create programs that support patient-centered and family-centered care.

Publication Title Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am
Volume 32
Issue 2
Pages 167-190
ISBN/ISSN 0899-5885
DOI 10.1016/j.cnc.2020.01.002
Language eng
Notes 1558-3481Barchas, DeniseMelaragni, MelissaAbrahim, HeatherBarchas, EricJournal ArticleReviewUnited StatesCrit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2020 Jun;32(2):167-190. doi: 10.1016/j.cnc.2020.01.002. Epub 2020 Apr 8.
Author Address University of California San Francisco Medical Center, 505 Parnassus Avenue M902R, San Francisco, CA 94117, USA. Electronic address: denise.barchas@ucsf.edu.University of California San Francisco Medical Center, 505 Parnassus Avenue M902R, San Francisco, CA 94117, USA.University of California San Diego Health, Jacobs Medical Center, 5H mail code 7306, 9300 Campus Point Dr, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.San Bruno Pet Hospital, 1111 El Camino Real, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA.
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Tags
  1. Animal-assisted interventions
  2. Care
  3. Pet therapy
  4. programs
  5. Zoonoses