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Animals in Research and Education: Ethical Issues

By Laura Jane Bishop, Anita Lonnes Nolen

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Scientific inquiry is inexorably tied to animal experimentation in the popular imagination and human history. Many, if not most, of the spectacular innovations in the medical understanding and treatment of today’s human maladies have been based on research using animals. However, the use of animals in research and experimentation has been debated, defended, and protested by both individuals and organizations at various levels. Responses range from personal lifestyle decisions and fervent philosophical treatises to strident arguments, violent demonstrations, and direct action. The continuum of attitudes about animals and the human relationship with animals spans the range between those who support no regulation of the human use of animals and those who advocate absolute animal liberation from all human use (see II, Orlans 1993, p. 22).


Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Date March 2001
Pages 18
Publisher Bioethics Research Library, Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University
Language English
Institution Georgetown University
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal welfare
  2. Education
  3. open access
  4. Research
  1. open access