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Acceptability of AAI from the Perspective of Elderly Clients, Family Members, and Staff-A Pilot Study

By K. Machová, R. Procházková, P. Konigová, I. Svobodová, L. Přibylová, M. Vadroňová

Category Journal Articles
Abstract

Although animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) are increasingly part of comprehensive rehabilitation and many of its effects are already well described, the methodology for performing AAI depends on the specific patient, animal, and treatment objective. Acceptability of AAI from all involved members is a little explored area. Thus, 214 respondents (32 AAI clients, 146 family members, and 36 healthcare and social care workers; 98 males, 116 females; mean age 46.3 years (±16.5 SD)) completed a list of statements focused on AAI with a dog. This list was distributed directly in nursing homes, retirement homes, and in households with home hospice care. All statements were rated on a Likert scale of 0–3. The results show that AAI is generally very well received, with over 90% of respondents considering AAI to be beneficial. The perception of AAI and trusting the handler with their dog was evaluated very positively, as well as possible concerns about hygiene. The results were in many cases affected by demographic factors of the respondents (age, gender, role in AAI, education, and size of settlement). It seems appropriate in future studies to focus on the attitude of individual groups, and thus advance the methodology of implementing AAI.

Date 2020
Publication Title International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume 17
Issue 16
Pages 22
ISBN/ISSN 1661-7827 (Print)1660-4601
Publisher MDPI
DOI 10.3390/ijerph17165978
URL https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/16/5978
Language English
Author Address Department of Ethology and Companion Animal Science, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences, 165 00 Prague, Czech Republic.Department of Statistics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences, 165 00 Prague, Czech Republic.
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Age
  2. Animal-assisted interventions
  3. Animal-assisted therapies
  4. Animals
  5. Dogs
  6. Family
  7. Females
  8. Health
  9. Home care services
  10. Humans
  11. Hygiene
  12. Males
  13. Middle Aged Adults
  14. Nursing homes
  15. open access
  16. Pilot Projects
Badges
  1. open access