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Human-wildlife conflict-causes, consequences and mitigation measures with special reference to Kashmir

By Aadil Habib, Ishfaq Nazir, Mustahson F. Fazili, Bilal A. Bhat

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Abstract

The rising levels of man-animal conflicts at various locations of Kashmir valley in India are due to close proximity between humans and wild carnivores particularly leopard and black bear. The data regarding human injuries and mortalities caused during conflicts from 2010 to 2012 was collected from Shere Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS) Soura, Srinagar and its associated medical college hospital at Bemina Srinagar. The data indicates rising levels of man-carnivore conflicts in Kashmir. The leopard and Asiatic black bear were mainly involved in causing several forms of conflict. The human population growth and expansion, habitat degradation and fragmentation, land use transformation and increasing densities of livestock grazing in protected areas are considered as major causes of man-carnivore conflicts. The objective of the study is to highlight causes and consequences of man-animal conflicts and mitigation measures to be adopted for alleviating the problem. The study reveals that people living in close vicinity of forests and protected areas are often prone to attacks by wild carnivores like black bear and leopard.

Submitter

Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Date 2015
Publication Title The Journal of Zoology Studies
Volume 2
Issue 1
Pages 26-30
ISBN/ISSN 2348-5914
URL https://works.bepress.com/the_journal_of_zoology_studies_jozs_journal/2/
Language English
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal roles
  2. Bears
  3. Carnivores
  4. human-animal conflict
  5. Leopards
  6. mitigation
  7. open access
  8. Wild animals
Badges
  1. open access