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Psychodynamic Based Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy in Adults with Intertwined Personality Problems and Traumatization: A Systematic Review

By G. Kovács, A. van Dijke, M. J. Enders-Slegers

Category Journal Articles
Abstract

The growing field of equine-assisted psychotherapy (EAP), a subfield of animal-assisted psychotherapy (AAP), needs theoretically-based clinical studies. This systematic review examines the existing clinical studies in adult populations on psychodynamic psychotherapy combined with equine-assisted psychotherapy. An electronic database search was divided in two studies to identify publications on 1) EAP combined with psychodynamic psychotherapy and 2) EAP combined to personality problems and traumatization in order to compile studies by population, intervention, outcome and therapeutic assets. Study 1 revealed no relevant clinical studies on EAP with a psychodynamic background with an adult population. Study 2 revealed 12 publications to review predominantly addressing veterans with PTSD. The methodological limitations of most of the studies restrain the overall findings on outcome. However, overall positive effects for EAP, specifically on its experiential features and on finding interpersonal trust for patients, can be discerned. There is an apparent need for clinical studies meeting methodological standards on psychodynamic underpinned EAP methodologies in adults with intertwined personality problems and traumatization.

Date 2020
Publication Title International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume 17
Issue 16
Pages 18
ISBN/ISSN 1661-7827 (Print)1660-4601
Publisher MDPI
DOI 10.3390/ijerph17165661
URL https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/16/5661
Language English
Author Address Faculty of Psychology, Open University, Valkenburgerweg 177, 6419 AT Heerlen, The Netherlands.SPEL Psychologen Putten, Garderenseweg 158, 3881 NE Putten, The Netherlands.Online poli's I-psy psyQ Brijder, Parnassia Group, Schipholpoort 20, 2034 MA Haarlem, The Netherlands.
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Adults
  2. Animals
  3. Hippotherapy
  4. Horses
  5. Humans
  6. Mental disorders
  7. open access
  8. Personality
  9. Personality disorders
  10. Psychotherapy
  11. systematic reviews
  12. trauma
  13. Treatment outcomes
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  1. open access