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The Effects of Equine Assisted Leadership Programs on Perceived Professional Development Outcomes

By Leigh Anne Pentecost

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The purpose of this causal-comparative study was to compare the mean scores of the survey instrument to determine if there were statistically significant differences between the mean pre-test and post-test scores of perceived professional development obtained by participants of the Equine Assisted Learning leadership programs. The participants in the study were chosen by a convenience sampling method. The sample in the study is comprised of 36 members from three (3) EAL leadership programs selected from North Carolina, Ohio, and California. The Leader Attributes Inventory was used to collect pre-test and post-test data from each participant in the study. The paired samples t-test was used to compare the pre-test and post- test scores of the perceived professional development of each participants included in the study of EAL leadership programs. This survey was administered online. The information gleaned from this study may contribute to better-quality curricula within leadership training and improve professional competence of educators and business people alike. It may provide valuable data about the perceived professional development leadership qualities gained through equine assisted leadership courses. Abundant studies have been completed on horse behavior and their natural leadership roles within their species; however, very little has been examined pertaining to the human level of leadership in successful equine programs.


Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Date 2017
Pages 124
Department School of Education
Degree Doctor of Education
Language English
University Liberty University
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal-assisted activities
  2. Equine-assisted learning
  3. Leadership
  4. open access
  5. professional development
  1. open access