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Optimization of human, animal, and environmental health by using the One Health approach

By Jonathan M. Sleeman, Thomas DeLiberto, Natalie Nguyen

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Category Journal Articles
Abstract

Emerging diseases are increasing burdens on public health, negatively affecting the world economy, causing extinction of species, and disrupting ecological integrity. One Health recognizes that human, domestic animal, and wildlife health are interconnected within ecosystem health and provides a framework for the development of multidisciplinary solutions to global health challenges. To date, most health-promoting interventions have focused largely on single-sector outcomes. For example, risk for transmission of zoonotic pathogens from bush-meat hunting is primarily focused on human hygiene and personal protection. However, bush-meat hunting is a complex issue promoting the need for holistic strategies to reduce transmission of zoonotic disease while addressing food security and wildlife conservation issues. Temporal and spatial separation of humans and wildlife, risk communication, and other preventative strategies should allow wildlife and humans to co-exist. Upstream surveillance, vaccination, and other tools to prevent pathogen spillover are also needed. Clear multi-sector outcomes should be defined, and a systems-based approach is needed to develop interventions that reduce risks and balance the needs of humans, wildlife, and the environment. The ultimate goal is long-term action to reduce forces driving emerging diseases and provide interdisciplinary scientific approaches to management of risks, thereby achieving optimal outcomes for human, animal, and environmental health.

Submitter

Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Date 2017
Publication Title Journal of Veterinary Science
Volume 18
Issue S1
Pages 263-268
Publisher The Korean Society of Veterinary Science
DOI 10.4142/jvs.2017.18.S1.263
URL https://vetsci.org/DOIx.php?id=10.4142/jvs.2017.18.S1.263
Language English
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal health and hygiene
  2. Animal welfare
  3. Avian influenza
  4. Diseases
  5. Global health
  6. Health
  7. Infectious diseases
  8. One Health
  9. open access
Badges
  1. open access