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Marking frequency during intraspecific socialization sessions is related to urinary cortisol levels in shelter dogs

By Daniela Alberghina, Gina Pumilia, Pierluigi Raffo, Giuseppe Distefano, Giuseppe Piccione, Michele Panzera

Category Journal Articles
Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine whether behavioural indicators such as marking frequency and whether cortisol/creatinine ratio (C/Cr) are influenced by three socialization sessions.  Six adult shelter dogs were selected: Group 1 (n.3) with adequate social experience and Group 2 with behavioural problems of aggression against humans (n.2) and excessive fear response towards conspecifics (n.1). Spontaneous urine samples were collected for C/Cr after socialization sessions. C/Cr was positively correlated with urinary marking frequency (P<0.01) and negatively with faecal marking frequency (P<0.05). The correlation with urinary marking could be related to increased release of aldosterone under ACTH stimulus or to chemical information that dogs are in a stressful situation. The negative correlation with frequency of faecal marking could be related to inhibition of act in a novel situation as stress effect. Non-invasive monitoring for detection of cortisol could be useful to assess canine behaviour modulation following intraspecific socialization sessions.

Submitter

Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Date 2019
Publication Title Pet Behavior Science
Volume 7
Pages 6
DOI doi.org/10.21071/pbs.v0i7.11798
URL http://www.uco.es/ucopress/ojs/index.php/pet/article/view/11798
Language English
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal roles
  2. Animal shelters
  3. Cortisol
  4. Dogs
  5. Mammals
  6. marking
  7. open access
  8. Pets and companion animals
  9. urinary system
Badges
  1. open access