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A review of current indicators of welfare in captive elephants (Loxodonta africana and Elephas maximus)

By E. Williams, C. L. Chadwick, L. Yon, L. Asher

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Category Journal Articles
Publication Title Animal Welfare
Volume 27
Issue 3
Pages 235-249
ISBN/ISSN 0962-7286
DOI 10.7120/09627286.27.3.235
Language English
Author Address [Williams, E.] Nottingham Trent Univ, Sch Anim Rural & Environm Sci, Brackenhurst Campus, Southwell NG25 0QF, Notts, England. [Chadwick, C. L.] Univ Salford, Ecosyst & Environm Res Ctr, Sch Environm & Life Sci, Manchester M5 4WT, England. [Yon, L.] Univ Nottingham, Sch Vet Med & Sci, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough LE12 5RD, Leics, England. [Asher, L.] Newcastle Univ, Inst Neurosci, Ctr Behav & Evolut, Framlington Pl, Newcastle NE2 4HH, England.Williams, E (corresponding author), Nottingham Trent Univ, Sch Anim Rural & Environm Sci, Brackenhurst Campus, Southwell NG25 0QF, Notts, England.ellen.williams@ntu.ac.uk
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Tags
  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animal welfare
  3. Assessment
  4. Captivity
  5. Cortisol
  6. Elephants
  7. Enrichment
  8. Husbandry
  9. ratings
  10. Tools
  11. Veterinary sciences
  12. welfare
  13. Zoology