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Evaluation of brainstem disruption following penetrating captive-bolt shot in isolated cattle heads: comparison of traditional and alternative shot-placement landmarks

By J. N. Gilliam, J. K. Shearer, R. J. Bahr, S. Crochik, J. Woods, J. Hill, J. Reynolds, J. D. Taylor

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Category Journal Articles
Publication Title Animal Welfare
Volume 25
Issue 3
Pages 347-353
ISBN/ISSN 0962-7286
DOI 10.7120/09627286.25.3.347
Language English
Author Address [Gilliam, J. N.; Bahr, R. J.; Crochik, S.] Oklahoma State Univ, Vet Clin Sci, 1 Farm Rd, Stillwater, OK 74078 USA. [Shearer, J. K.] Iowa State Univ, Vet Diagnost & Prod Anim Med, Ames, IA USA. [Woods, J.; Hill, J.] Innovat Livestock Solut, Blackie, AB, Canada. [Reynolds, J.] Western Coll Hlth Sci, Coll Vet Med, Pomona, CA USA. [Taylor, J. D.] Oklahoma State Univ, Vet Pathobiol, 1 Farm Rd, Stillwater, OK 74078 USA. [Bahr, R. J.] 119 Oakridge Dr, Stillwater, OK 74074 USA. [Crochik, S.] VCA South Shore Anim Hosp, 595 Columbian St, South Weymouth, MA 02190 USA.Gilliam, JN (corresponding author), Oklahoma State Univ, Vet Clin Sci, 1 Farm Rd, Stillwater, OK 74078 USA.john.gilliam@okstate.edu
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Tags
  1. Animal welfare
  2. Brain
  3. Captivity
  4. Cattle
  5. Euthanasia
  6. placement
  7. slaughter
  8. Veterinary sciences
  9. Zoology