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An Analysis of Rabies Incidence and Its Geographic Spread in the Buffer Area Among Orally Vaccinated Wildlife in Ukraine From 2012 to 2016

By Ivan Polupan, Maksym Bezymennyi, Yurii Gibaliuk, Zhanna Drozhzhe, Oleksii Rudoi, Vitalii Ukhovskyi, Vitalii Nedosekov, Marco De Nardi

Category Journal Articles
Abstract

The statistics of rabies cases in Volyn, Lviv, and Zakarpattia oblasts of Ukraine from 2012 to 2016 were analyzed to establish spatial–temporal distribution of rabies endemic outbreaks and to identify causes of widespread infections among wild and domestic animals. The occurrence of rabies outbreaks in wild and domestic animals in Ukraine was also assessed to determine the effectiveness of oral rabies vaccination (ORV) efforts. According to our analysis, parenteral vaccination of domestic animals and ORV campaigns in foxes have proved unsuccessful in providing a sustainable, long-term reduction in endemic rabies outbreaks. ORV campaigns in foxes were deemed ineffective
based on our studies of the endemic rabies outbreaks in Volyn, Lviv, and Zakarpattia oblasts in 2012–2016. The current rabies prevention system (parenteral vaccination) failed to offer protection to domestic animals based on our review of the occurrence of endemic rabies outbreaks in dogs and cats. ORV campaign shortcomings and their causes must be identified in order to provide maximum rabies vaccine coverage for dogs and cats. Altogether, the results presented here provide information that can assist public health agencies to devise more effective disease control plans to curtail the spread of rabies in domestic animals and wildlife in Ukraine.

Submitter

Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Date 2019
Publication Title Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Volume 6
Pages 13
DOI 10.3389/fvets.2019.00290
URL https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2019.00290/full
Language English
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal roles
  2. Foxes
  3. open access
  4. Rabies
  5. surveillance
  6. Ukraine
  7. vaccination
  8. Wild animals
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  1. open access