The HABRI Foundation is calling for research proposals to investigate the health outcomes of pet ownership and/or animal-assisted activity or therapy, both for the people and the animals involved. To learn more, visit close

You are here: Home / Journal Articles / Measuring Volumetric Changes of Equine Distal Limbs: A Pilot Study Examining Jumping Exercise / About

Measuring Volumetric Changes of Equine Distal Limbs: A Pilot Study Examining Jumping Exercise

By Steven Johnson, Jennifer Symons

Category Journal Articles

Equine athletes can incur musculoskeletal injuries due to repetitive loading during training and competition. Prior to signs of lameness, horse trainers and veterinarians may observe swelling in the distal limbs, where injuries most frequently occur. Early observations may guide modulation of training to manage physiological stress and mitigate risk of injury. However, these observations of changing limb volume can be subjective and imprecise. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy and applicability of a tablet-mounted, 3D scanner to measure and record distal limb volumes of horses before and after exercise. Users recorded scans of a cylinder of known volume with errors up to 8%. Experienced users’ measures were biased (i.e., consistently overestimated). The scanner was able to detect statistically significant increases in volume for both fore and hind limbs after one jumping session (310–2058 cm3). Age and intensity of workload may play a role in magnitude of limb swelling, but had mixed conclusions between fore and hind limbs. More studies with additional horses must be performed to solidify these relationships. The evaluated 3D scanner is a low-cost, accessible tool that was able to detect changes in limb swelling as a result of exercise and mechanical stress. With continued research, this information may guide training programs to decrease injury and maximize performance of equine athletes in the future.     


Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Date 2019
Publication Title Animals
Volume 93
Issue 10
Pages 10
Publisher MDPI
DOI 10.3390/ani9100751
Language English
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal roles
  2. Exercise
  3. Horses
  4. Inflammation
  5. Jumping
  6. Mammals
  7. open access
  8. Pets and companion animals
  1. open access