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Parental Perception of Changes in Basic Life Needs of Children with Disabilities after Six Months of Therapeutic Horseback Riding: A Qualitative Study

By Robert Lovrić, Nikolina Farčić, Štefica Mikšić, Aleksandra Gvozdanović Debeljak

Category Journal Articles
Abstract

Therapeutic horseback riding (THR) has a positive effect on the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial functioning of children with disabilities. Parents’ reports of the effects of THR on their children support professionals in individualizing the THR program. With this qualitative study, we aimed to explore parents’ perceptions of changes in the basic life needs of their children with disabilities after six months of THR lessons and to survey parents’ explanations for the causes of these changes. The study involved parents of 13 children with disabilities who were enrolled in a six-month THR program. Parents continuously monitored their children and wrote a report on possible changes in their child’s needs according to Virginia Henderson’s need theory. Qualitative content analysis of parents’ reports indicated only positive changes in 11 children. Most codes were identified in categories “relationships and communication with other people” and “movement and posturing”. Other categories identified codes such as easier breathing, a better quality of sleep, better appetite, better elimination of stool and urine, more independence in clothing and maintaining personal hygiene, and greater interest in play and learning. Parents’ reports are further supported by the assessments of professionals. Most parents think THR is responsible for the noticeable improvements in their children’s quality of life. 

Submitter

Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Date 2020
Publication Title International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume 17
Issue 4
Pages 17
Publisher MDPI
DOI 10.3390/ijerph17041213
URL https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/4/1213
Language English
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal-assisted therapies
  2. Children
  3. Disabilities
  4. Equine-assisted activities
  5. Hippotherapy
  6. Horseback riding
  7. Horses
  8. Mammals
  9. open access
  10. Quality of life
Badges
  1. open access