You are here: Home / Journal Articles / Toward Human-Carnivore Coexistence: Understanding Tolerance for Tigers in Bangladesh / About

Toward Human-Carnivore Coexistence: Understanding Tolerance for Tigers in Bangladesh

By Chloe Inskip, Neil Carter, Shawn Riley, Thomas Roberts, Douglas MacMillan

View Link (HTM)

Licensed according to this deed.

Category Journal Articles

Fostering local community tolerance for endangered carnivores, such as tigers (Panthera tigris), is a core component of many conservation strategies. Identification of antecedents of tolerance will facilitate the development of effective tolerance-building conservation action and secure local community support for, and involvement in, conservation initiatives. We use a stated preference approach for measuring tolerance, based on the ‘Wildlife Stakeholder Acceptance Capacity’ concept, to explore villagers’ tolerance levels for tigers in the Bangladesh Sundarbans, an area where, at the time of the research, human-tiger conflict was severe. We apply structural equation modeling to test an a priori defined theoretical model of tolerance and identify the experiential and psychological basis of tolerance in this community. Our results indicate that beliefs about tigers and about the perceived current tiger population trend are predictors of tolerance for tigers. Positive beliefs about tigers and a belief that the tiger population is not currently increasing are both associated with greater stated tolerance for the species. Contrary to commonly-held notions, negative experiences with tigers do not directly affect tolerance levels; instead, their effect is mediated by villagers’ beliefs about tigers and risk perceptions concerning human-tiger conflict incidents. These findings highlight a need to explore and understand the socio-psychological factors that encourage tolerance towards endangered species. Our research also demonstrates the applicability of this approach to tolerance research to a wide range of socio-economic and cultural contexts and reveals its capacity to enhance carnivore conservation efforts worldwide.


Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Date 2016
Publication Title PLoS One
Volume 11
Issue 1
Pages 20
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0145913
Language English
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal roles
  2. Bangladesh
  3. Carnivores
  4. Farm animals
  5. Food animals
  6. Forestry
  7. Geography
  8. Human-animal interactions
  9. Livestock
  10. open access
  11. Psychiatry and psychology
  12. tigers
  13. Wild animals
  1. open access