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A descriptive survey of the range of injuries sustained and farmers' attitudes to vulva biting in breeding sows in south-west England

By S. Rizvi, C. J. Nicol, L. E. Green

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Abstract

The within-farm prevalence of vulva biting in breeding sows in south-west England was investigated using a postal survey sent to 410 pig farmers in January 1997. The response rate was 65% and there were 83 usable replies. The majority of farms where vulva biting was reported indicated a low within-farm prevalence of 1-9% of sows affected, although prevalences as high as 30-60% were reported. The injuries reported ranged from bleeding to removal of the whole vulva, the most commonly reported injuries being bleeding and superficial damage to the vulva. No long-term effects from this injury to service and dry sows were reported by 70% and 76% of farmers respectively. Competition for food, aggressive sows, closeness to farrowing and mixing of sows were the commonest causes suggested by these farmers.

Date 2000
Publication Title Animal Welfare
Volume 9
Issue 3
Pages 273-280
ISBN/ISSN 0962-7286
Language English
Author Address Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Langford, Bristol BS40 5DU, UK.
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Tags
  1. Abnormal behavior
  2. Aggression
  3. Animal behavior
  4. Animal roles
  5. Animal welfare
  6. Bites and stings
  7. British Isles
  8. Commonwealth of Nations
  9. Developed countries
  10. Deviant behavior
  11. Europe
  12. Farm animals
  13. Farms
  14. Female genitalia
  15. Food animals
  16. Great Britain
  17. Mammals
  18. Meat animals
  19. OECD countries
  20. pig farming
  21. Questionnaires
  22. Swine
  23. trauma
  24. United Kingdom
  25. Vices
  26. vulva