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The European Union One Health 2019 Zoonoses Report

By European Food Safety Authority, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

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Category Journal Articles
Abstract

This report of the EFSA and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control presents the results of zoonoses monitoring activities carried out in 2019 in 36 European countries (28 Member States (MS) and eight non-MS). The first and second most reported zoonoses in humans were campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis, respectively. The EU trend for confirmed human cases of these two diseases was stable (flat) during 2015–2019. The proportion of human salmonellosis cases due to Salmonella Enteritidis acquired in the EU was similar to that in 2017–2018. Of the 26 MS reporting on Salmonella control programmes in poultry, 18 met the reduction targets, whereas eight failed to meet at least one. The EU prevalence of Salmonella target serovar-positive flocks has been stable since 2015 for breeding hens, laying hens, broilers and fattening turkeys, with fluctuations for breeding turkey flocks. Salmonella results from competent authorities for pig carcases and for poultry tested through national control programmes were more frequently positive than those from food business operators. Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infection was the third most reported zoonosis in humans and increased from 2015 to 2019. Yersiniosis was the fourth most reported zoonosis in humans in 2019 with a stable trend in 2015–2019. The EU trend of confirmed listeriosis cases remained stable in 2015–2019 after a long period of increase. Listeria rarely exceeded the EU food safety limit tested in ready-to-eat food. In total, 5,175 food-borne outbreaks were reported. Salmonella remained the most detected agent but the number of outbreaks due to S. Enteritidis decreased. Norovirus in fish and fishery products was the agent/food pair causing the highest number of strong-evidence outbreaks. The report provides further updates on bovine tuberculosis, BrucellaTrichinellaEchinococcusToxoplasma, rabies, West Nile virus, Coxiella burnetii (Q fever) and tularaemia.

Submitter

Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Date 2021
Publication Title EFSA Journal
Volume 19
Issue 2
DOI 10.2903/j.efsa.2021.6406
URL https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.2903/j.efsa.2021.6406
Language English
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal roles
  2. Europe
  3. Health
  4. One Health
  5. open access
  6. Zoonoses
Badges
  1. open access