The HABRI Foundation is calling for research proposals to investigate the health outcomes of pet ownership and/or animal-assisted activity or therapy, both for the people and the animals involved. To learn more, visit https://habri.org/grants/funding-opportunities/ close

 
You are here: Home / Journal Articles / Exploring the relationship between human social deprivation and animal surrender to shelters in British Columbia, Canada / About

Exploring the relationship between human social deprivation and animal surrender to shelters in British Columbia, Canada

By L. H. Ly, E. Gordon, A. Protopopova

View Resource (HTM)

Licensed under

Category Journal Articles
Abstract

Previous studies identify owner-related issues, such as cost and housing, as common reasons for relinquishment of companion animals to animal shelters. It is likely that the burden of surrendering for owner-related reasons falls on those who are socially vulnerable (e.g., low income, unemployed); however, very few studies have assessed social determinants as a predictor of animal relinquishment. The present study used the Canadian Index of Multiple Deprivation (CIMD), which uses four factors of social vulnerability (Ethnocultural Composition, Economic Dependency, Residential Instability, and Situational Vulnerability) to predict risk of surrender for various reasons, of various species and breeds, and of various health statuses across British Columbia, Canada (n = 29,236). We found that CIMD factors predicted increased risk of surrender across many shelter variables. For further understanding of differences between areas in the province, the present study also analyzed the relationship between CIMD factors and animal surrender variables in two areas of interest: Metro Vancouver (n = 3,445) and Kamloops (n = 2,665), and plotted these relationships on a geospatial scale. We found that there were some similarities across areas, such as Situational Vulnerability predicting increased odds of surrendering pit bull-labeled dogs vs. all other dog breeds. There were also differences in predictors of animal surrender variables, suggesting that provision of animal services, such as veterinary care, for vulnerable groups may be specific to location. For example, whereas Ethnocultural Composition predicted increased risk of owner surrender for multiple owner-related reasons in Metro Vancouver, these same reasons for surrender were predicted by Residential Instability in Kamloops, indicating demographic differences that affect animal shelter service use. The results of this research validate the use of geospatial analysis to understand relationships between human vulnerability and animal welfare, but also highlight the need for further interventions in marginalized populations to increase retention of animals.

Publication Title Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Volume 7
Issue March
DOI 10.3389/fvets.2021.656597
Author Address Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.lexisly@mail.ubc.ca
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Tags
  1. Abnormal behavior
  2. Animal behavior
  3. Animal health and hygiene
  4. Animals
  5. Animal welfare
  6. Anthrozoology
  7. APEC countries
  8. Behavioral research
  9. Business
  10. Canada
  11. Canidae
  12. Canine
  13. Carnivores
  14. Cats
  15. Commonwealth of Nations
  16. Costs
  17. Countries
  18. Diseases and injuries of animals
  19. Dog Breeds
  20. Dogs
  21. Human development
  22. Income
  23. Mammals
  24. North America
  25. OECD countries
  26. open access
  27. Pets and companion animals
  28. Psychiatry and psychology
  29. Social psychology and social anthropology
  30. socioeconomics
  31. United States of America
  32. vertebrates
  33. Veterinary economics
  34. Veterinary sciences
  35. Zoology
Badges
  1. open access