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Community attitudes reflect reporting rates and prevalence of animal mistreatment

By C. Glanville, J. Ford, R. Cook, G. J. Coleman

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Abstract

Community attitudes toward the treatment of animals are important to understand for the development of intervention programs to prevent mistreatment. We aimed to investigate whether previously identified differences between local government areas (LGAs) in the rates of animal mistreatment reporting and prevalence were reflected by differences in community attitudes. In addition, attitudinal differences based on target species (dogs, cats, horses) and participant gender were considered. A representative telephone survey (N = 1,801) was conducted across six LGAs. Attitudinal themes included affection toward animals, valuing of animals, attitudes toward caring for own animals, and concern for the mistreatment of other animals. Factorial ANOVA was used to identify differences between high and low reporting LGAs, region types (regional, interface, metropolitan), and target species (cat, dog, horse). Respondents from high reporting LGAs demonstrated slightly more affection for animals F(1,1679) = 19.401, p < 0.001, ωp2 = 0.011 and stronger subjective norms F(1,999) = 16.31, p < 0.001, ωp2 = 0.015 than those from low reporting LGAs, but did not differ on the other variables. Participants in areas of high prevalence (regional areas) did not display lower levels of affection or concern for the mistreatment of animals as a whole, nor did they value animals less. However, regional differences were found for several items regarding caring for one's own animals: two behavioral beliefs and two control beliefs. Additionally various differences were found between the regions regarding the level of concern for mistreatment when broken down into the different species. Gender effects were also common. While the attitudinal results do reflect animal mistreatment prevalence and reporting rates, they also highlight the complexity of community attitudes. As such, interventions to prevent mistreatment must have clear targets including the audience, behavior, and species. Targeting smaller regions and thoroughly investigating their unique perspectives, challenges, and strengths are likely to be more effective than generic campaigns.

Publication Title Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Volume 7
Issue October
DOI 10.3389/fvets.2021.666727
Author Address Animal Welfare Science Centre, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.carmen.glanville@unimelb.edu.au
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Abnormal behavior
  2. Abuse
  3. Animals
  4. Animal welfare
  5. Anthrozoology
  6. APEC countries
  7. Attitudes
  8. Australasia
  9. Australia
  10. Canidae
  11. Canine
  12. Carnivores
  13. Cats
  14. Commonwealth of Nations
  15. Conflict
  16. Countries
  17. Dogs
  18. Government
  19. Horses
  20. Human development
  21. Income
  22. Laws and regulations
  23. Mammals
  24. Oceania
  25. OECD countries
  26. open access
  27. Pets and companion animals
  28. Psychiatry and psychology
  29. social anthropology
  30. Social psychology and social anthropology
  31. Sport animals
  32. ungulates
  33. vertebrates
  34. Veterinary sciences
  35. Zoology
Badges
  1. open access