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Trauma etiology in dogs and cats: a retrospective study of 4626 cases

By R. Cojocaru, L. Schuszler, D. Bumb, R. Barnea, C. Igna

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Abstract

Traumatic injuries are a major health hazard having an important impact in animals' welfare. The outcome following a traumatic event in the animal's life, depends on multiple factors, the most common ones being the cause of trauma, the location of the trauma and the amount of kinetic energy and the way it was distributed to the animal, but also human activities and lifestyles, human-pet relationships and pet-management local strategies. This retrospective study aims to evaluate the impact of traumatic injuries in 4626 dogs and cats that presented to the Surgical Department from the USAMVBT's Veterinary Hospital between 2000 and 2020. The most frequent traumatic injuries were represented by road traffic accidents, young animals under 1 year of age being more prone than other age groups chi2(4, N=4626) =43, p < .001 and dogs being more affected than cats chi2(1, N=4626) =107.66, p < .001. Although non-accidental injuries had a low frequency in our study, there is a tendency of misdistribution these cases in the other categories like road traffic accidents. By reporting non-accidental injuries, it could provide a better understanding and better perspective on the real number of abused animals.

Publication Title Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca. Veterinary Medicine
Volume 78
Issue 2
Pages 20-28
ISBN/ISSN 1843-5270
DOI 10.15835/buasvmcn-vm:2021.0015
Author Address Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" (USAMVBT), Calea Aradului no. 119, Timisoara, Timis, Romania.ignacornel@gmail.com
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Accidents
  2. Age
  3. Analytics
  4. Animal behavior
  5. Animal diseases
  6. Animal hospitals
  7. Animals
  8. Animal welfare
  9. Anthrozoology
  10. Behavioral research
  11. Canidae
  12. Canine
  13. Carnivores
  14. Cats
  15. Companion
  16. Diseases and injuries of animals
  17. Dogs
  18. Etiology
  19. Health
  20. health hazards
  21. Human behavior
  22. Humans
  23. Mammals
  24. Men
  25. open access
  26. Pets and companion animals
  27. Primates
  28. Relationships
  29. reports
  30. Retrospective studies
  31. surgery
  32. Traffic accidents
  33. trauma
  34. vertebrates
  35. Veterinary sciences
  36. young animals
  37. Zoology
Badges
  1. open access