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Historical development of horse breeds

By S. S. Tuncer, S. Kozat

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Abstract

This study was conducted to examine the historical development process of modern horse breeds. Horses are among the few species that have managed to become domesticated on earth. The domestication of horses took place after dogs, goats, sheep, pigs, reindeer and poultry. It is accepted that the first ancestor of the horse species existed in the Eocene geological period (55 million years ago). In the fossil record, 13 genera have been identified in the equine family. Of these, Equus is the only surviving genus today. Different ecological regions, climates and cultural conditions have led to the development of well-adapted horse breeds. In addition, the changing needs of human beings have had important effects on the formation and development of these breeds. The changing needs of people have been effective in the differentiation of horses in areas such as hunting and food source, battlefields, agricultural activities, cargo transportation, transportation, show, entertainment, hobby, sports, horse racing and finally therapy and support. As mechanization increases as a result of technological developments in the world, there is a decrease in horse population and genetic diversity. In order to prevent these, measures should be taken such as doing more studies on horse breeds, drawing attention to the relationship between human and horse in the historical process, and protecting genetically endangered breeds.

Pages 808-819
ISBN/ISSN 9789753742993
Publisher Trakya University
Language English
Notes Cited Reference Count: 28 ref.Conference paperIII. Balkan Agriculture Congress, Edirne, Turkey, 29 August - 1 September, 2021.
Author Address Van Yuzuncu Yil University, Agricultural Faculty, Department of Animal Sciences, Van, Turkey.selcukseckintuncer@gmail.com
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Tags
  1. Adaptation
  2. Animal-assisted therapies
  3. Animal genetics
  4. Animals
  5. Archaeology
  6. Breeding
  7. Domestication
  8. Draft animals
  9. Evolution
  10. Factors
  11. Genes
  12. Genetic diversity
  13. Genetics
  14. History
  15. Horses
  16. Mammals
  17. racehorses
  18. racing
  19. Social psychology and social anthropology
  20. Sport animals
  21. taxonomy
  22. ungulates
  23. vertebrates
  24. weather
  25. Working animals