The HABRI Foundation is calling for research proposals to investigate the health outcomes of pet ownership and/or animal-assisted activity or therapy, both for the people and the animals involved. To learn more, visit close

You are here: Home / Journal Articles / Measuring Equine-Assisted Therapy: Validation and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of an ICF-Based Standardized Assessment-Tool / About

Measuring Equine-Assisted Therapy: Validation and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of an ICF-Based Standardized Assessment-Tool

By I. Stolz, V. Anneken, I. Froböse

View Resource (HTM)

Licensed under

Category Journal Articles

The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) of the World Health Organization (WHO) was established as an international framework for monitoring rehabilitation outcomes and the impacts of health interventions since, as the term “functioning” implies, it emphasizes a person’s “lived health” in addition to their biological health status. Equine-assisted therapy (EAT) represents a holistic intervention approach that aims to improve both biomedical functioning and the patient’s lived health in relation to performing activities and participating in social situations. In this study, the psychometric properties of an ICF-based digital assessment tool for the measurement of the rehabilitation impacts of EAT were analyzed via simultaneous confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) and reliability and sensitivity tests. In total, 265 patients from equine-assisted therapy centers in Germany were included for CFA. Change sensitivity was assessed via multi-level analyses based on 876 repeated assessments by 30 therapists. Results show satisfactory model-fit statistics; McDonald’s omega (ML) showed excellent scores for the total scale (ω = 0.96) and three subscales (ω = 0.95; ω = 0.95, ω = 0.93). The tool proved itself to be change sensitive and reliable (change sensitivity p ≤ 0.001), retest r = 0.745 **, p ≤ 0.001). Overall, the developed assessment tool satisfactorily fulfills psychometric requirements and can be applied in therapeutic practice.

Date 2022
Publication Title Int J Environ Res Public Health
Volume 19
Issue 5
ISBN/ISSN 1661-7827 (Print)1660-4601
DOI 10.3390/ijerph19052738
Author Address Research Institute for Inclusion through Physical Activity and Sport, German Sport University Cologne, 50226 Frechen, Germany.Research Institute of Movement and Neurosciences, German Sport University Cologne, 50933 Cologne, Germany.Institute of Health Promotion and Clinical Movement Science, German Sport University, 50933 Cologne, Germany.
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Analysis
  2. Animals
  3. Assessment
  4. Disabilities
  5. Factor analysis
  6. Hippotherapy
  7. Horses
  8. Humans
  9. open access
  10. Quantitative research
  11. Rehabilitation
  12. Reproducibility of Results
  13. Research
  14. statistical analysis
  15. validation
  1. open access