Training a New Trick Using No-Reward Markers: Effects on Dogs' Performance and Stress Behaviors
This study explored using no-reward markers (NRMs). Dogs were taught a novel trick. In the IG group dogs’ errors were ignored; in the NRM group they elicited a tone. Performance and stress were evaluated. IG dogs reached higher levels of performance, with no difference in the frequency of stress behaviors.
|Degree||Master of Arts (MA)|
|University||City University of New York (CUNY)|
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