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Comparison of indoor and captive, free-roaming management in golden-headed lion tamarins ( Leontopithecus chrysomelas ) at Zurich Zoo

By H. W. Steinmetz, R. Zingg, P. Ossent, U. Eulenberger, M. Clauss, J. M. Hatt

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Abstract

Traditional husbandry practices for the public display of Callitrichidae involve strict separation of animals and public. An important consideration for the evaluation of such management is the occurrence of health problems and potential zoonotic risks. This study compared animal data and veterinary records from a captive, free-roaming population of golden-headed lion tamarins (Leontopithecus chrysomelas) with a population housed under indoor management. The captive, free-roaming group grew significantly faster than the indoor-housed group, as less animals died and offspring were more successfully weaned. No differences in the causes of death were detected between the two husbandry practices. However, bacterial diseases were most common and diagnosed significantly more often under indoor management. This study suggests that the captive, free-roaming management of golden-headed lion tamarins can be conducive to increased reproductive success, improved health and improved welfare. Therefore, current husbandry recommendations for captive, free-roaming conditions were supported by the findings of the present study as a valuable housing practice where health regulations and proper husbandry parameters permit.

Date 2011
Publication Title Animal Welfare
Volume 20
Issue 2
Pages 205-210
ISBN/ISSN 0962-7286
Language English
Author Address Chester Zoo, Caughall Road, Upton-by-Chester CH2 1LH, UK. h.steinmetz@chesterzoo.org
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Tags
  1. Animal diseases
  2. Animal health and hygiene
  3. Animal housing
  4. Animal husbandry
  5. Animal rights
  6. Animal welfare
  7. Bacteria
  8. Causality
  9. Developed countries
  10. Europe
  11. Evaluation
  12. Guidelines
  13. Health
  14. Husbandry
  15. Illnesses
  16. Laws and regulations
  17. Mammals
  18. OECD countries
  19. Parasites
  20. pathogens
  21. peer-reviewed
  22. practices
  23. Primates
  24. progeny
  25. recommendations
  26. regulations
  27. Reproduction
  28. rules
  29. Switzerland
  30. Zoo and captive wild animals
  31. Zoonoses
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed