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Impact of disease characteristics and knowledge on public risk perception of zoonoses

By C. E. Spence, S. C. Jenkins, M. Osman

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Abstract

Zoonoses represent a global public health threat. Understanding lay perceptions of risk associated with these diseases can better inform proportionate policy interventions that mitigate their current and future impacts. While individual zoonoses (e.g. bovine spongiform encephalopathy) have received scientific and public attention, we know little about how multiple zoonotic diseases vary relative to each other in lay risk perceptions. To this end, we examined public perceptions of 11 zoonoses across 12 qualitative attributes of risk among the UK public (n = 727, volunteer sample), using an online survey. We found that attribute ratings were predominantly explained via two basic dimensions of risk related to public knowledge and dread. We also show that, despite participants reporting low familiarity with most of the diseases presented, zoonoses were perceived as essentially avoidable. These findings imply that infection is viewed as dependent upon actions under personal control which has significant implications for policy development.

Date 2022
Publication Title Biol Lett
Volume 18
Issue 8
Pages 20220148
ISBN/ISSN 1744-9561 (Print)1744-9561
DOI 10.1098/rsbl.2022.0148
Author Address Department of Psychology, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London, London, UK.Centre for Science and Policy, Judge Business School, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animals
  2. Attitudes
  3. Cattle
  4. Covid-19
  5. Human-animal interactions
  6. Humans
  7. open access
  8. perceptions
  9. Public health
  10. risk
  11. surveys
  12. Zoonoses
Badges
  1. open access