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The One Health Approach to Toxoplasmosis: Epidemiology, Control, and Prevention Strategies

By A. Alonso Aguirre, Travis Longcore, Michelle Barbieri, Haydee Dabritz, Dolores Hill, Patrice N. Klein, Christopher Lepczyk, Emily L. Lilly, Rima McLeod, Judith Milcarsky, Caroline E. Murphy, Chunlei Su, Elizabeth VanWormer, Robert Yolken, Grant C. Sizemore

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Abstract

One Health is a collaborative, interdisciplinary effort that seeks optimal health for people, animals, plants, and the environment. Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is an intracellular protozoan infection distributed worldwide, with a heteroxenous life cycle that practically affects all homeotherms and in which felines act as definitive reservoirs. Herein, we review the natural history of T. gondii, its transmission and impacts in humans, domestic animals, wildlife both terrestrial and aquatic, and ecosystems. The epidemiology, prevention, and control strategies are reviewed, with the objective of facilitating awareness of this disease and promoting transdisciplinary collaborations, integrative research, and capacity building among universities, government agencies, NGOs, policy makers, practicing physicians, veterinarians, and the general public.

Submitter

Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Date 2019
Publication Title EcoHealth
Volume 16
Pages 378–390
Publisher Springer
DOI 10.1007/s10393-019-01405-7
URL https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/vetscipapers/334/
Language English
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal welfare
  2. Epidemiology
  3. Health
  4. One Health
  5. open access
  6. toxoplasmosis
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  1. open access