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Evaluation of the syndromic characterization and diagnostic criteria of the concept of anxiety in animal ethology professionals

By Aline Morales-Estrada, Andres Ducoing-Watty, Itzcoatl Maldonado-Resendiz

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Category Journal Articles
Abstract

There is a wide range of reported signs for anxious patients in veterinary medicine but specific diagnostic criteria to characterize them is lacking. The objective of this study was to determine the variability in the concepts of anxiety and the criteria used to diagnose anxiety disorders in veterinary medicine. A questionnaire was developed to obtain information through direct responses from 31 professionals in the exercise of clinical ethology with questions based on the subject of canine anxiety (definition, manifestations, and diagnosis). An analysis was performed using contingency tables. Seventy-three percent (73%, n=22) of respondents agreed on one definition. The signs most frequently considered in the diagnosis of this disorder were increased vigilance (90.3%, n=28), increased motor activity (87%, n=27), panting, and altered heart rate (bradycardia/tachycardia) (77.4%, n=24). From these results, homogeneity is observed in the concept of anxiety, but with evidence of diagnostic heterogeneity, which can be related to the wide repertoire of signs that are considered in the questionnaire and are present in dogs, as well as the lack of diagnostic criteria and/or tests that can objectively evaluate each patient in order to obtain more uniform and reliable results.

Submitter

Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Date 2022
Publication Title Pet Behaviour Science
Volume 12
Pages 10
DOI 10.21071/pbs.vi12.12928
URL https://www.uco.es/ucopress/ojs/index.php/pet/article/view/12928
Language English
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal ethology
  2. Animal roles
  3. Anxiety
  4. open access
  5. Pets and companion animals
Badges
  1. open access