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Local attitudes toward Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) conservation in the Russian Far East

By A. S. Mukhacheva, E. V. Bragina, D. G. Miquelle, H. E. Kretser, V. V. Derugina

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Public support is a necessary component of large carnivore conservation. We analysed public opinion on Amur tigers, Panthera tigris altaica, in Russia's Far East, the northernmost stronghold of the world's rarest big cat. We surveyed 1035 people in 5 settlements at increasing distances to tiger habitat. Overall support for tiger conservation was high (95.4%), although lower in more rural communities-especially among hunters-with limited socio-economic opportunities, and where tigers pose a higher perceived threat to livelihoods. Nearly 20% of respondents supported lethal removal of individual problem tigers that posed a threat to humans. Non-hunters, higher-income earners, and people who rated their communities' pre-college education positively showed less support for even such restricted killing of tigers. Hunters were more likely to support the idea of legalising tiger hunting (hunting tigers is a felony in Russia), and less likely to attribute tiger decline primarily to poaching. Despite strong support for tiger conservation in both urban and rural settings, a subset of the local populace is still engaged in poaching and trading of tigers, making improved situational crime prevention a needed focus of future efforts, alongside behaviour change campaigns promoting active resistance to poaching among tiger supporters.

Publication Title Conservation and Society
Volume 20
Issue 4
Pages 304-312
ISBN/ISSN 0972-4923
DOI 10.4103/cs.cs_20_135
Language English
Author Address Sikhote-Alin State Nature Reserve, Primorskii Krai, Russia.
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Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animals
  2. Anthropology
  3. Anthrozoology
  4. APEC countries
  5. Asia
  6. Attitudes
  7. Behavior and behavior mechanisms
  8. Biodiversity
  9. Biological resources
  10. Business
  11. Carnivores
  12. Cats
  13. Communities
  14. Conservation
  15. Countries
  16. Ecology
  17. Employees
  18. Government
  19. Human development
  20. Hunting
  21. Income
  22. Laws and regulations
  23. Legislation
  24. Livelihoods
  25. Mammals
  26. natural resources
  27. Psychiatry and psychology
  28. Rural Population
  29. Russia
  30. Social psychology and social anthropology
  31. Social sciences
  32. socioeconomics
  33. tigers
  34. vertebrates