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Leveraging Social Network Analysis for Characterizing Cohesion of Human-Managed Animals

By Dixon Vimalajeewa, Sasitharan Balasubramaniam, Bernadette O’Brien, Chamil Kulatunga, Donagh P. Berry

Category Journal Articles

The 20 or so species of Leishmania which have been recorded as human infections are all either zoonotic, or have recent zoonotic origins. Their distribution is determined by that of their vector, their reservoir host, or both, so is dependent on precise environmental features. This concatenation of limiting factors leads to specific environmental requirements and focal distribution of zoonotic or anthroponotic sources. Human infection is dependent on the ecological relationship between human activity and reservoir systems. Examples are available of the emergence of leishmaniasis from the distant past to the present, and can be postulated for the future. These emergences have been provoked by the adoption of new, secondary reservoir hosts, the adoption of new vector species, transport of infection in humans or domestic animals, invasion by humans of zoonotic foci, and irruption of reservoir hosts beyond their normal range. The leishmaniases therefore present an excellent model for emerging disease in general, and for the generation of the principles governing emergence. The model is, however, limited by gaps in our knowledge, usually quantitative, sometimes qualitative, of the structure of reservoir systems.


Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Date 2019
Publication Title IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems
Volume 6
Issue 2
Pages 323-337
Publisher IEEE
DOI 10.1109/TCSS.2019.2902456
Language English
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal roles
  2. Human-animal interactions
  3. models
  4. open access
  5. social interactions
  6. Social Networks
  1. open access