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Whale shark tourism in Ningaloo Marine Park, Australia

By D. Davis

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Surveys conducted among whale shark tourists in Ningaloo Marine Park, off the coast of Western Australia, yielded 464 responses in 1995 and 376 in 1996. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) is used to compare attitudes towards management questions relating to human-to-shark separation distances, swimmers making contact with sharks, satisfaction with the experience, and the numbers of swimmers in the water. While the rules on separation distances were changed between the years, statistical analyses indicate that satisfaction with the experience did not change. Resulting from the rule changes, swimmers did not get so close to sharks in 1996, nor were they as concerned about the number of other people in the water. It is concluded that a simple change to the regulation on separation distances resulted in improved human experiences and potentially less interference with the animals.

Publication Title Anthrozoos
Volume 11
Issue 1
Pages 5-11
ISBN/ISSN 0892-7936
Publisher Bloomsbury Journals (formerly Berg Journals)
DOI 10.2752/089279398787000850
Language English
Author Address Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia.
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal roles
  2. Animals
  3. Aquacultural and fisheries
  4. Aquatic organisms
  5. Australasia
  6. Australia
  7. Coastal areas
  8. Commonwealth of Nations
  9. Consumers
  10. Developed countries
  11. Fish
  12. Management
  13. Oceania
  14. OECD countries
  15. overcrowding
  16. peer-reviewed
  17. perceptions
  18. recreation
  19. sharks
  20. swimming
  21. Tourism and travel
  22. vertebrates
  23. wildlife
  1. peer-reviewed