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An exploratory study of the effect of animal-assisted therapy on nonverbal communication in three schizophrenic patients

By Z. Kovacs, J. Bulucz, R. Kis, L. Simon

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Abstract

Animal-assisted therapy has been used in the treatment and rehabilitation of several physical and mental disorders, but its effectiveness for chronic schizophrenic patients has been evaluated in only a few studies. Our purpose was to introduce animal-assisted group therapy in the rehabilitation of severely disabled chronic schizophrenic patients, in order to enhance their communication skills. Five patients diagnosed with schizophrenia (three females, two males, ages ranging from 32 to 71 years), four human members (one therapist, one co-therapist, and the owners of the dogs) and two therapy dogs (a five-year-old, female Boxer and a two-year-old, female Bichon Frise) participated in the therapy on a weekly basis, for a six-month period. The therapy was oriented toward improving non-specific (i.e., general well-being) and specific (i.e., communication patterns) areas of the patients' daily activities. The outcome measure was the change in the patients' nonverbal communication, as measured by an analysis of standardized, video-recorded scenarios registered at the beginning of the therapy, and six month's later, at the end of it. Because two patients completed less than half of the sessions, we analysed the data of only three patients. Positive changes occurred in some post-treatment nonverbal parameters compared with pre-treatment parameters. All three patients improved in the usage of space during communication, while partial improvement in other domains of nonverbal communication (anatomy of movements, dynamics of gestures, regulator gestures) was also observed. Animal-assisted therapy can improve certain aspects of nonverbal communication in schizophrenic patients. The results of our exploratory study show a need for further investigation, using controlled studies with a larger number of patients.

Date 2006
Publication Title Anthrozoos
Volume 19
Issue 4
Pages 353-364
ISBN/ISSN 0892-7936
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.2752/089279306785415475
Language English
Author Address Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, Semmelweis University, 1083 Budapest, Hungary.kovzoli@psych.sote.hu
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Tags
  1. Animal-assisted therapies
  2. Anthrozoology
  3. Communication
  4. Diseases
  5. Mammals
  6. Mental disorders
  7. Mental illness
  8. peer-reviewed
  9. Pets and companion animals
  10. Primates
  11. psychiatric disorders
  12. Rehabilitation
  13. schizophrenia
  14. Techniques
  15. treatment
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed