Previous research has investigated the relationship between empathy with humans and attitudes toward animals. Developing a better understanding of this relationship, as well as other related variables, may assist in the prevention of antisocial behavior. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between sensitivity toward the mistreatment of animals, negative affect, and need for power. Participants were 198 Introductory Psychology students, 98 (49.5%) women and 100 (50.5%) men. They completed three questionnaires: the Need for Power (nPower) subscale of the Index of Personal Reactions (IPR); the Positive and Negative Affect Schedules-Expanded form (PANAS-X); and the Cruelty subscale of the Attitudes Toward the Treatment of Animals Scale (ATTAS). Results indicated that, among men, individual differences in the affect subscales of Sadness, Hostility, Fear, and Fatigue, in addition to nPower, were significantly correlated with cruelty attitudes. Linear regression showed that both Hostility and nPower emerged as significant predictors of cruelty attitudes. Further analyses revealed a significant Hostility x nPower interaction, with Hostility related to animal cruelty only among men with low nPower scores. Among women, only the affect subscale of Serenity was correlated with animal cruelty. Implications and recommendations for future research are discussed.
|Publisher||Bloomsbury Journals (formerly Berg Journals)|
|Author Address||Department of Psychology, Metropolitan State College of Denver, Denver, CO 80217, USA.email@example.com|
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