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  1. An observational evaluation of stress in horses during therapeutic riding sessions

    Contributor(s): McDuffee, L., Carr, L., Montelpare, W.

    Therapeutic riding (TR) provides benefits to participants with cognitive and physical disabilities. Horses participating in TR programs are typically selected because of their calm temperament and may not show obvious signs of stress. However, the welfare of horses in TR programs is an important...

  2. "Giving voice to the voiceless": An exploration of the grieving ritual for a therapy dog

    Contributor(s): Mc Veigh, M. J.

    The use of animal-assisted therapy with children who have experienced trauma is receiving increasing attention in the literature. However, there is a lack of attention given to the death of therapy animals. The scholarship on the death of animal companions highlights a varying depth of...

  3. Social associations in lactating dairy cows housed in a robotic milking system

    Contributor(s): Marumo, Joyce Ledile, Fisher, David Newton, Lusseau, David, Mackie, Maitland, Speakman, John Roger, Hambly, Catherine

    Dairy cows are gregarious animals that are able to thrive in a stable social group and form long-lasting dyadic relationships. However, in the modern UK commercial dairy industry, cows are commonly regrouped/relocated as part of the management plan, forcing the cows to change social partners...

  4. The effects of owner and domestic cat (Felis catus) demographics on cat personality traits

    Contributor(s): Leech, Laura E., Preziosi, Richard, Stoycheva, Rosica, Pastorino, Giovanni Quintavalle

    Personality has been researched in many companion animals and is described as differences in behavioural traits of individuals that often remain consistent over time. In domestic cats many factors have been discovered to influence personality, including breed, coat colour, gender, rearing...

  5. Investigating Attitudes Toward Sharks in Australia

    Contributor(s): Le Busque, Brianna, Roetman, Philip, Dorrian, Jillian, Litchfield, Carla

    Understanding attitudes toward sharks and the factors associated with them is important for promoting positive attitudes and support for conservation initiatives. We aimed to investigate attitudes toward two different shark species in an Australian context: white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias, a...

  6. Behavioral characterization of musth in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus): Defining progressive stages of male sexual behavior in in-situ and ex-situ populations

    Contributor(s): LaDue, Chase A., Vandercone, Rajnish P. G., Kiso, Wendy K., Freeman, Elizabeth W.

    Complementary studies of wild and zoo-housed animals offer insight into behavioral variation across a range of conditions including the context under which various behaviors evolved in natural settings. This information can be used to improve the sustainability of in-situ and ex-situ populations...

  7. Music for animal welfare: A critical review & conceptual framework

    Contributor(s): Kriengwatana, Buddhamas P., Mott, Richard, ten Cate, Carel

    Music can have powerful effects on human health and wellbeing. These findings have inspired an emerging field of research that focuses on the potential of music for animal welfare, with most studies investigating whether music can enhance overall wellbeing. However, this sole focus on discovering...

  8. Sow behavior during introduction to a large dynamic group is influenced by familiarity and method

    Contributor(s): Kranz, Victoria A., Horback, Kristina M., Parsons, Thomas D., Pierdon, Meghann K.

    Sows in an extensive setting maintain small, stable matrilineal social groups comprised of familiar, and often genetically related, conspecifics. Providing conditions in an intensive farm setting which allow similar social groups could reduce aggression by allowing familiar sows to benefit from...

  9. Dog walk frequency and duration: Analysis of a cohort of dogs up to 15 months of age

    Contributor(s): Kinsman, Rachel H., Main, Kate E., Casey, Rachel A., Da Costa, Rosa E. P., Owczarczak-Garstecka, Sara C., Knowles, Toby G., Tasker, Séverine, Murray, Jane K.

    Regular exercise for dogs has health and welfare benefits. This study sought to address a gap in existing research regarding what constitutes ‘common’ age-specific walking practices by owners of young dogs, and how these practices change as the dogs reach adulthood. Dog owners living in the United...

  10. Effect of adult male sterilization on the behavior and social associations of a feral polygynous ungulate: the horse

    Contributor(s): King, Sarah R. B., Schoenecker, Kathryn A., Cole, Mary J.

    Castration is commonly used to control the behavior of companion animals and livestock, yet there have been few longitudinal studies of its effects. Despite the ubiquity of this surgery in ridden horses, the effects of castration (termed gelding in horses) have rarely been examined in a...

  11. Veterinary history and the development of human relationships with animals

    Contributor(s): Jones, G. C.

    2022Veterinary Record190284-840042-490010.1002/vetr.1420English0WileyChichester, UKtext

  12. Do you see what I see? Investigating the validity of an equine personality questionnaire

    Contributor(s): Jolivald, Aurélie, Yarnell, Kelly, Hall, Carol, Ijichi, Carrie

    Subjective equine personality questionnaires have the potential to predict a range of industry-relevant outcomes including fear reactivity, compliance with human cues, pain expression and susceptibility to stereotypies, in a time- and cost-efficient manner. However, to produce meaningful measures...

  13. Concentration-response of an anthraquinone-based repellent for raccoons (Procyon lotor)

    Contributor(s): Johnson, Shylo R., Deliberto, Shelagh T., Urchek, Kathleen, Gilbert, Amy T., Werner, Scott J.

    Wildlife repellents can be part of non-lethal management strategies to reduce the negative impacts of wildlife to property, agricultural production, and human health and safety. Raccoons (Procyon lotor) are associated with negative impacts in all three of these areas. Anthraquinone is a useful...

  14. Seeking Sanctuary: Creating a New Utopia on a Donkey Farm

    Contributor(s): James, Anna, Pieterse, Jimmy

    A recent uptick in international trade in donkey hides has sparked intense concern among social activists. Several campaigns have been launched in attempts to protect donkeys and to ensure their wellbeing in response to what various groups have labeled a “crisis.” As a result, donkeys have...

  15. Facility dogs in educational programs for young children: Definition, rationale, issues, and implementation

    Contributor(s): Jalongo, Mary Renck, Permenter, Faithe A., Conrad, Kristina

    A facility dog in a school is a comparatively recent category of working dog. These dogs typically are trained at the assistance, or service dog, level and are thoroughly prepared for their role. The school facility dog accompanies an owner/handler, who is a professional employee of the school,...

  16. Increasing shelter cat welfare through enrichment: A review

    Contributor(s): Houser, Bridgette, Vitale, Kristyn R.

    Research into cat behavior has gained more attention in recent years. As one of the world’s most popular companion animals, work in this field has potential to have wide-reaching benefits. Cats living in shelters are posed with distinct welfare concerns. Shelter cat welfare can be increased...

  17. Assessing chimpanzees’ fluency of movement: Applications for monitoring health and welfare

    Contributor(s): Hopper, Lydia M., Lake, Benjamin R., Leinwand, Jesse G., Fultz, Amy, Ross, Stephen R.

    With age, primates’ activity levels and ease of movement may decline and changes in locomotory behaviour may reflect changes in health. Thus, developing quick and reliable measures of movement has important applications for measuring recovery from disease, injury, or any age-related mobility...

  18. Portrayals of Animals in COVID-19 News Media

    Contributor(s): Hooper, Jes, Aiello, Thomas, Hill, Kristine

    With animals as the primary and intermediary vectors of COVID-19, we sought to understand the ways in which animals were represented in UK news media during the emergence of the global pandemic and how these portrayals impact the lives of humans and animals. Using the Lexis-Nexis online media...

  19. Contamination: The Case of Civets, Companionship, COVID, and SARS

    Contributor(s): Hooper, J.

    This research explores the intersection between zoonosis and the trade in wild animals by applying the Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) as a lens through which to analyse the ways humans and animals shape, and are shaped by, multi-species entanglements. Civets occupy a unique space...

  20. Ambiguity, Ambivalence, and Affective Encounters: An Ethnographic Account of Medical Detection Dog–Trainer Relationships

    Contributor(s): Holland, Katrina E.

    A relatively novel application of dogs’ olfactory capabilities involves training them to detect and alert to the odor of human diseases. Drawing on research using ethnographic methods of participant observation and semi-structured interviews at two medical detection dog training and research...