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  1. Effects of environmental enrichment on activity and lameness in commercial broiler production

    Contributor(s): Vasdal, Guro, Vas, Judit, Newberry, Ruth C., Moe, Randi Oppermann

    The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the effects of commercially applied environmental enrichments on behavior and lameness in broilers. Two consecutive flocks of broilers were observed at 16 days and 30 days of age to investigate differences between enriched (peat, bales of lucerne...

  2. Effects of Enrichment Presentation and Other Factors on Behavioral Welfare of Pantropical Spotted Dolphin (Stenella attenuata)

    Contributor(s): Perez, Barbara C., Mehrkam, Lindsay R., Foltz, Amanda R., Dorey, Nicole R.

    Environmental enrichment is a crucial element of promoting welfare for animals in captivity. However, enrichment programs are not always formally evaluated for their efficacy. Furthermore, there is little empirical evidence of enrichment evaluation for species of small cetaceans in zoological...

  3. Effects of Calf Horn as Chews on the Behavior of Laboratory Dogs

    Contributor(s): Ketter, Daphne A., Klima, André, Küchenhoff, Helmut, Dobenecker, Britta, Schmidt, Jörg, Erhard, Michael H., Döring, Dorothea

    It is increasingly required that non-human animals in laboratories are provided with adequate enrichment to promote the welfare of the animals. In a previous publication we showed that laboratory dogs intensively used the horn of calf hooves as chewing objects. In this report, we describe the...

  4. Effect of Visitor Perspective on Adoption Decisions at One Animal Shelter

    Contributor(s): Southland, Anastacia, Dowling-Guyer, Seana, McCobb, Emily

    This study investigated the visitor experience at one urban animal shelter. While several previous studies have examined the reasons particular nonhuman animals are chosen by adopters, few have investigated the possible reasons one would visit a shelter and leave without adopting. Over a...

  5. Effect of switch trimming on udder and teat hygiene of dairy cows

    Contributor(s): Ingle, Heather D., Rice, Christa A., Black, Randi A., Childers, Sarah Z., Eberhart, Nicole L., Prado, Maria E., Krawczel, Peter D.

    The study objective was to determine the effects of trimming the switch of dairy cows on teat-end bacterial counts and udder hygiene scores. Cows (n = 102) were blocked by days in milk, milk production, and parity and then assigned to (a) treatment (trimming of their tail switch using a...

  6. Effect of simple and low-cost enrichment items on behavioral, clinical, and productive variables of caged laying hens

    Contributor(s): Frediani, Mayra H., Pizzutto, Cristiane S., Alves, Maíra B. R., Pereira, Ricardo J. G.

    Housing layers in battery cages is a practice still used by many countries but it has been criticized because of its influence on behavioral repertoire of birds. We investigated whether simple and affordable enrichment devices alone impact behavior, foot condition and performance of laying hens...

  7. Effect of Capacity for Care on cat admission trends at the Guelph Humane Society, 2011–2015

    Contributor(s): Janke, Natasha, Berke, Olaf, Klement, Eyal, Flockhart, D. T. Tyler, Coe, Jason, Bateman, Shane

    In recent years, there has been a growing concern regarding populations of cats who are homeless. Shelters are constantly overwhelmed by the influx of cats without caregivers and are seeking solutions to enhance positive outcomes for them. In 2014, the Guelph Humane Society implemented a...

  8. Effect of Cage Type on Fecal Corticosterone Concentration in Buck Rabbits During the Reproductive Cycle

    Contributor(s): Cornale, Paolo, Macchi, Elisabetta, Renna, Manuela, Prola, Liviana, Perona, Giovanni, Mimosi, Antonio

    Fecal corticosterone concentration (FCC) was measured in 14 buck rabbits individually housed in standard-dimension cages (SC) or in bigger cages (BC; with a volume more than double that of SC and equipped with a plastic foot mat) during 4 consecutive reproductive cycles. Cage type and...

  9. The Effect of an Irregular Feeding Schedule on Equine Behavior

    Contributor(s): Zupan, Manja, Štuhec, Ivan, Jordan, Dušanka

    We used eight horses 1 to 12 years old to investigate the influence of irregular feeding times on the behavior. The animals were housed in individual boxes, fed with hay ad libitum and barley-oat mixture at three set times; 05:00 (earlier feeding) on Thursdays, 07:00 (delayed feeding) on...

  10. Effect of Adopters' Lifestyles and Animal-Care Knowledge on Their Expectations Prior to Companion-Animal Guardianship

    Contributor(s): O'Connor, Rachel, Coe, Jason B., Niel, Lee, Jones-Bitton, Andria

    Human expectations can greatly affect the human–companion animal relationship, sometimes putting nonhuman animals at risk for relinquishment. At 20 animal shelters in Southern Ontario, Canada, potential adopters (N = 234) completed a questionnaire regarding their lifestyle, companion animal-care...

  11. Dutch Consumers’ Willingness to Pay for Broiler Welfare

    Contributor(s): Mulder, Machiel, Zomer, Sigourney

    This article analyzes Dutch consumers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for the welfare of broiler chickens and the consequences for nonhuman animal welfare policies. Using data from a discrete-choice experiment and a random parameter logit model, this study showed that consumers particularly value...

  12. Does the location of enrichment material affect behavior and dirtiness in growing female pigs?

    Contributor(s): Dalmau, Antoni, Areal, Bruno, Machado, Silvana, Pallisera, Joaquim, Velarde, Antonio

    The objective of this study was to investigate if female growing pigs spend similar amounts of time exploring a wooden stick as they do exploring enrichment material regardless of its proximity to the feeder. Forty-eight pigs aged 18 to 26 weeks allocated to 16 pens with three pigs per pen were...

  13. Does Enrichment Improve Well Being in Animals under Human Care? A Case Study of Two Harbor Seals (Phoca Vitulina)

    Contributor(s): Vaicekauskaite, Ruta, Schneider, Jennifer N., Delfour, Fabienne

    Harbor seals in the wild live in a stimulating environment; therefore, nonhuman-animal caretakers have increasingly been using environmental enrichment to improve the well being of seals under human care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an object-based environmental enrichment program...

  14. Development of a Canine Care and Welfare Knowledge Scale: Implications for Welfare and Preventing Dogfighting

    Contributor(s): Iliopoulou, Maria A., Rosenbaum, Rene P., Carleton, Carla L.

    The objective of this study was to develop a Canine Care and Welfare Knowledge (CCWK) Scale for use in educational intervention development and evaluation and validate the instrument. The study population was 504 children, aged 11 to 19 years old, from Detroit, MI. In this cross-sectional study,...

  15. Designing Better Water Troughs: Does Trough Color Influence Dairy Cows’ Preference?

    Contributor(s): Teixeira, Dayane Lemos, Hötzel, Maria José, Filho, Luiz Carlos Pinheiro Machado, Cazale, José Daniel, Enríquez-Hidalgo, Daniel

    Eighteen lactating dairy cows were used to elucidate their preference for green, grey, or red troughs. The herd was managed under a rotational grazing system with ad-libitum access to water until 11:30 h. For 9 days, all cows were tested individually following the afternoon milking. Cows drank...

  16. Describing the Use of Animals in Animal-Assisted Intervention Research

    Contributor(s): Ng, Zenithson, Morse, Laura, Albright, Julia, Viera, Ann, Souza, Marcy

    Currently, there has been growing attention to animal welfare in animal-assisted interventions (AAI). However, there is a lack of scrutiny regarding what steps to take to ensure animal wellbeing during AAI research. The Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) reviews, monitors, and...

  17. Demographic Factors Associated with Prince Edward Island Horse Farm Owner Awareness of the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Equines

    Contributor(s): Millican, Lisa, Vanderstichel, Raphael, McClure, J., MacMillan, Kathleen

    The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of owners of horse farms in Prince Edward Island (PEI), Canada that were aware of the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Equines (CODE) and determine demographic factors associated with awareness. A questionnaire was...

  18. Defaming Rover: Error-Based Latent Rhetoric in the Medical Literature on Dog Bites

    Contributor(s): Arluke, Arnold, Cleary, Donald, Patronek, Gary, Bradley, Janis

    This article examines the accuracy and rhetoric of reports by human health care professionals concerning dog bite injuries published in the peer-reviewed medical literature, with respect to nonclinical issues, such as dog behavior. A qualitative content analysis examined 156 publications between...

  19. Cross-Sectional Study of Characteristics of Owners and Nonowners Surrendering Cats to Four Australian Animal Shelters

    Contributor(s): Zito, Sarah, Morton, John, Paterson, Mandy, Vankan, Dianne, Bennett, Pauleen C., Rand, Jacquie, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    Unwanted cats surrendered to nonhuman animal shelters are generally categorized as either “owned” or “stray.” This classification is misleading because “stray” cats may include many “semiowned” cats, for which people provide care but who are not perceived as being owned. This differentiation is...

  20. Creating Public Awareness of How Goats Are Reared and Milk Produced May Affect Consumer Acceptability

    Contributor(s): Musto, Mauro, Cardinale, Daniele, Lucia, Pietro, Faraone, Daniela

    This study evaluated whether showing a video of the different ways of raising goats for milk affected consumer acceptability. Four combinations, 2 Videos (intensive [INT] and semiextensive [SEM] system) × 2 Milk Types (semiskimmed [S] and whole [W] milk), were evaluated by 70 habitual consumers...