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  1. Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.

    Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...

  2. Activities outside of the care setting for people with dementia: a systematic review

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): D'Cunha, N. M., Isbel, S., McKune, A. J., Kellett, J., Naumovski, N.

    OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence from interventions investigating the effects of out of care setting activities on people with dementia living in residential aged care. DESIGN: A systematic review. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of...

  3. Considering service animals in tourism

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Rickly, J. M.

  4. Do Service Dogs for Veterans with PTSD Mount a Cortisol Response in Response to Training?

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): van Houtert, E. A. E., Endenburg, N., Rodenburg, T. B., Vermetten, E.

    Only a few studies have investigated the welfare of animals participating in animal-assisted interventions (AAIs). Most of these studies focus on dogs in therapeutic settings. There are, however, also dogs-service dogs-that are employed to continuously support a single human. Because the...

  5. Emotional States of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) Kept for Animal-Visitor Interactions, as Perceived by People Differing in Age and Knowledge of the Species

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Pollastri, I., Normando, S., Contiero, B., Vogt, G., Gelli, D., Sergi, V., Stagni, E., Hensman, S., Mercugliano, E., de Mori, B.

    This study aimed to investigate how three groups of people of differing ages, and with differing knowledge of the species, perceived the emotional state of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) managed in captive and semi-captive environments. Fifteen video-clips of 18 elephants, observed...

  6. Companion Animal Relationships and Adolescent Loneliness during COVID-19

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mueller, M. K., Richer, A. M., Callina, K. S., Charmaraman, L.

    The pandemic associated with the emergence of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is an unprecedented historical event with the potential to significantly impact adolescent loneliness. This study aimed to explore the role of companion animals and attachment to pets in the context of the pandemic....

  7. Koi (Cyprinus rubrofuscus) Seek Out Tactile Interaction with Humans: General Patterns and Individual Differences

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Fife-Cook, I., Franks, B.

    The study of human-animal interactions has provided insights into the welfare of many species. To date, however, research has largely focused on human relationships with captive mammals, with relatively little exploration of interactions between humans and other vertebrates, despite non-mammals...

  8. A Commentary about Lessons Learned: Transitioning a Therapy Dog Program Online during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Dell, C., Williamson, L., McKenzie, H., Carey, B., Cruz, M., Gibson, M., Pavelich, A.

    In 2015, the University of Saskatchewan PAWS Your Stress Therapy Dog program partnered with St. John Ambulance for therapy dog teams to visit our campus and offer attendees love, comfort and support. We recognized at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic that students, staff and faculty may...

  9. Researching Human-Cattle Interaction on Rangelands: Challenges and Potential Solutions

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Creamer, M., Horback, K.

    Human-animal interaction (HAI) research spans across many scientific fields and animal taxa. For livestock species, HAI research tends to focus on animals that are managed in close proximity with humans such as poultry, dairy cattle, and swine. Given the nature of rangeland cattle production,...

  10. Early evaluation of fearfulness in future guide dogs for blind people

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Menuge, F., Marcet-Rius, M., Jochem, M., Francois, O., Assali, C., Chabaud, C., Teruel, E., Guillemot, J., Pageat, P.

    Fear is the leading cause of guide dog failure. Detecting the nature and causes of these fears as early as possible is the first step in preventing their occurrence. The process of habituation is a fundamental part of fear prevention. In this study, 11 puppies, all five months of age, underwent...

  11. The impact of COVID on cat guardians: veterinary issues

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Kogan, L. R., Erdman, P., Currin-McCulloch, J., Bussolari, C., Packman, W.

    The onset of COVID has impacted the field of veterinary medicine and the lives of cat guardians in numerous ways, yet the subject remains largely unexplored. The purpose of this study was to better understand cat guardians' fears and concerns pertaining to veterinary care and obtainment of...

  12. The cohabitation of humans and urban cats in the anthropocene: the clash of welfare concepts

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jaros, F.

    Urban environments are inhabited by several types of feline populations, which we can differentiate as feral cats, free-roaming pets, and confined pets. Due to a shift in the cultural representation of cats from pest controllers to companion animals, cats living semi-independently of humans are...

  13. "Don't bring me a dog...I'll just keep it": understanding unplanned dog acquisitions amongst a sample of dog owners attending canine health and welfare community events in the United Kingdom

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Holland, K. E., Mead, R., Casey, R. A., Upjohn, M. M., Christley, R. M.

    Understanding the factors that result in people becoming dog owners is key to developing messaging around responsible acquisition and providing appropriate support for prospective owners to ensure a strong dog-owner bond and optimise dog welfare. This qualitative study investigated factors that...

  14. The experience of teleworking with dogs and cats in the United States during COVID-19

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Hoffman, C. L.

    In Spring of 2020, the novel coronavirus (SAR-CoV-2) prompted an unprecedented number of individuals across the United States to begin working from home. Prior research has identified both positive and negative impacts of teleworking on employee well-being, and this study built on that research...

  15. Non-parametric evaluation methods of the brain activity of a bottlenose dolphin during an assisted therapy

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Escobar, J. J. M., Matamoros, O. M., Villar, E. Y. A. del, Padilla, R. T., Reyes, I. L., Zambrano, B. E., Gomez, B. D. L., Morfin, V. H. C.

    Dolphin-Assisted Therapies (DAT) are alternative therapies aimed to reduce anxiety levels, stress relief and physical benefits. This paper is focused on measuring and analyzing dolphins brain activity when DAT is taking place in order to identify if there is any differences in female...

  16. Locking down the impact of New Zealand's COVID-19 alert level changes on pets

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Esam, F., Forrest, R., Waran, N.

    The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on human-pet interactions within New Zealand, particularly during lockdown, was investigated via two national surveys. In Survey 1, pet owners (n = 686) responded during the final week of the five-week Alert Level 4 lockdown (highest level of restrictions -...

  17. Cortisol levels of shelter dogs in animal assisted interventions in a prison: an exploratory study

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): D'Angelo, D., D'Ingeo, S., Ciani, F., Visone, M., Sacchettino, L., Avallone, L., Quaranta, A.

    Previous studies regarding the Animal Assisted Interventions (AAI) have mainly focused on the beneficial effects of human-animal interactions on human health; whereas the impact of such activities on the welfare of the animals involved has received limited attention. So far, few studies have...

  18. Evaluation of the fitbark activity monitor for measuring physical activity in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Colpoys, J., Decock, D.

    Accelerometers track changes in physical activity which can indicate health and welfare concerns in dogs. The FitBark 2 (FitBark) is an accelerometer for use with dogs; however, no studies have externally validated this tool. The objective of this study was to evaluate FitBark criterion...

  19. Artistic freedom or animal cruelty? Contemporary visual art practice that involves live and deceased animals

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Coleman, E., Scollen, R., Batorowicz, B., Akenson, D.

    This paper examines a selection of 21st-century international examples of exhibited visual artworks involving live or deceased animals. It seeks to reveal the risks and benefits of unique encounters with animals through art and to consider the ethical implications of artwork deploying animals....

  20. Kantian ethics and the animal turn. on the contemporary defence of Kant's indirect duty view

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Camenzind, S.

    Criticism of Kant's position on our moral relationship with animals dates back to the work of Arthur Schopenhauer and Leonard Nelson, but historically Kantian scholars have shown limited interest in the human-animal relationship as such. This situation changed in the mid-1990s with the...