Behavioral indicators of slow growth in nursery pigs
Contributor(s): He, Yijie, Deen, John, Shurson, Gerald C., Li, Yuzhi Z.
The objective of this study was to determine how feeder-space allowance affects behaviors of slow- and fast-growing pigs during the nursery period. Nursery pigs (n = 192; initial weight = 7.4 ± 1.6 kg) were housed in 24 pens of 8 pigs, with 12 pens provided with either a two-space feeder or a...
Behavioral and hematological responses of broiler chickens administered with betaine and ascorbic acid during hot-dry season
Contributor(s): Egbuniwe, Ifeanyichukwu C., Ayo, Joseph O., Kawu, Mohammed U., Mohammed, Aliyu
Heat stress is a major problem in poultry production in tropical regions. Assessing the impact of thermally stressful environmental conditions on the welfare of broiler chickens is of great importance. Behavioral responses in a novel environment and hematology of broiler chickens administered...
Behavior and Welfare of Domestic Cats Housed in Cages Larger than U.S. Norm
Contributor(s): Stella, Judith L., Croney, Candace C., Buffington, C. Tony
The effect of providing additional floor space on cat behavior and welfare is not well documented. This study involved replication of an investigation of cats’ responses to enhanced cage and room environments using cages of 0.56 m2 with the same methodology but an increased space allowance of 1.1...
Behavior and Performance of Dairy Cows After Transfer from Tied to Cubicle Housing
Contributor(s): Pavlenko, Anne, Lidfors, Lena, Arney, David R., Kaart, Tanel, Aland, Andres
Behavior and performance changes when tied dairy cows were moved to a loose housing system in a cubicle system were investigated. Behavioral observations were made for 3 consecutive days in 3 periods after transition. The cows (n = 105) were observed on 18 sampling occasions for 1 month....
Baseline Knowledge of Potential Pet Toxins among the US General Public
Contributor(s): Young, Natalie, Royal, Kenneth, Lovee, Bryan, Davidson, Gigi
In 2014, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty toAnimals Animal Poison Control Center fielded more than 167,000cases of potential nonhuman animal toxicosis. Concomitantly, thereremain limited free and reputable veterinary toxicology resourcesavailable for companion-animal (pet)...
Attitudes Toward Bile Extraction From Living Bears: Survey of Citizens and Students in Beijing
Contributor(s): Liu, Zhao, Jiang, Zhigang, Yang, Aifang, Xu, Bingbing, Fang, Hongxia, Xie, Zongping, Li, Ning, Li, Chunwang, Meng, Zhibin, Zeng, Yan
Bear bile is a traditional Chinese medicine that has been used for millennia. Several arguments support and oppose the use of bear farming in terms of conservation and nonhuman animal welfare. This study involved designing a questionnaire and surveying a random sample of general citizens and...
Assessment of Welfare Issues During Traditional Slaughter of Goats in Pretoria, South Africa
Contributor(s): Qekwana, Daniel N., McCrindle, Cheryl M. E., Oguttu, James W., Grace, Delia, Cenci-Goga, Beniamino T.
Goats are traditionally slaughtered to celebrate marriages and births, venerate ancestors, address personal problems, or perform a ritual during funerals. The objective of this study was to assess nonhuman animal welfare issues associated with the traditional slaughter of goats in and around...
An Assessment of Welfare Conditions in Wildlife Markets across Morocco
Contributor(s): Bergin, Daniel, Nijman, Vincent
The welfare of wild-caught animals in markets has generally been overlooked by both wildlife trade and welfare studies, despite the potential negative impacts on the animals. Morocco is a member of the World Organisation for Animal Health and has proposed draft legislation prohibiting...
Assessment of Small Ruminant Welfare in Ethiopia – An Abattoir-Based Study
Contributor(s): Bekele, Tizeta, Szonyi, Barbara, Feleke, Aklilu, Grace, Delia
This paper presents the results of a cross-sectional study assessing the welfare of sheep and goats in a large abattoir in central Ethiopia, using qualitative and quantitative approaches. A total of 384 nonhuman animals (192 sheep and 192 goats) underwent clinical examination and behavioral...
Assessment of Non-Contact Infrared Thermometer Measurement Sites in Birds
Contributor(s): Anderson, Jessica, Kaplan-Stein, Sara, Adolph, Stephen, Peralta, Jose M.
The standard method of obtaining body temperature in a bird can be a stressful event, making routine evaluations challenging. Twenty-eight privately owned birds in good health were enrolled in the study to compare digital and infrared (IR) temperature readings. Digital thermometer readings in the...
Assessment of environmental enrichment for different primate species under low budget: A case study
Contributor(s): Costa, R., Sousa, C., Llorente, M.
The 2011 European Union Zoo Inquiry presented evidence that most zoos fail to achieve adequate levels of nonhuman animal welfare. Appropriate environmental enrichment (EE) can play a role in the promotion of welfare. However, financial and staff constraints frequently make it challenging to...
Assessing Youth Perceptions and Knowledge of Ethics at 4-H Horse Shows in Louisiana
Contributor(s): Walker, Neely, Cater, Melissa, Bourg, Brittany, Devall, Hannah, Sarver, Megan
Due to the increased awareness of animal welfare issues and sensitized attitudes throughout society, youth animal projects provide a unique opportunity to assess and impact youth understanding and attitudes regarding animal welfare. Animal ethics training is not an uncommon requirement for...
Assessing the External Validity of Successive Negative Contrast – Implications for Animal Welfare
Contributor(s): Ellis, Sarah L. H., Riemer, Stefanie, Thompson, Hannah, Burman, Oliver H. P.
When unexpectedly switched from a preferred to a less-preferred food reward, non-human animals may decrease consumption below that when only receiving the less-preferred reward – a successive negative contrast (SNC) effect. SNC has been proposed as an animal welfare indicator, however, to be...
Assessing Effectiveness of a Nonhuman Animal Welfare Education Program for Primary School Children
Contributor(s): Hawkins, Roxanne D., Williams, Joanne M., Animals, Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Nonhuman animal welfare education aims to promote positive relationships between children and animals and thus improve animal welfare, yet few scientific evaluations of these programs exist. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an education program developed by the Scottish Society...
Applying Behavioral Conditioning to Identify Anticipatory Behaviors
Contributor(s): Krebs, Bethany L., Torres, Erika, Chesney, Charlie, Moon, Veronica Kantoniemi, Watters, Jason V.
The ability to predict regular events can be adaptive for nonhuman animals living in an otherwise unpredictable environment. Animals may exhibit behavioral changes preceding a predictable event; such changes reflect anticipatory behavior. Anticipatory behavior is broadly defined as a...
Application of the Hands-On Donkey Tool for Assessing the Welfare of Working Equids at Tuliman, Mexico
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Galindo, F., Aluja, A. de, Cagigas, R., Huerta, L. A., Tadich, T. A.
Equids are still used for diverse chores in Mexico and are essential for the livelihoods of numerous families. Appropriate health and behavior are prerequisites for performing work without affecting welfare. This study aimed to assess the welfare of working equids in Tuliman, applying the...
Anthrozoology in Action: Performing Cognitive Training Paths in a Garden Shelter to Make Dogs More Suitable as Pets
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Vitulli, Valeria, Zanin, Laura, Trentini, Roberto, Lucidi, Pia
The overpopulation of shelters and the increase of homeless dogs have become serious problems in many countries. One contributor to the number of both sheltered and homeless dogs is the abandonment and relinquishment of pet dogs by their owners for different reasons – in many cases depending on...
Animal-Based Welfare Assessment of Cattle and Water Buffalo in Bangladeshi Slaughterhouses
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alam, Mohammad Rashedul, Islam, Md Jahirul, Amin, Al, Shaikat, Amir Hossan, Pasha, Md Ridoan, Doyle, Rebecca E.
This study quantified the welfare of 423 cattle and water buffalo in four Bangladeshi slaughterhouses to identify facility and species-specific factors that influence welfare. The majority of animals arrived at the slaughterhouse with injuries, signs of dehydration and oculo-nasal discharge....
Animal Welfare in Nepal
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Acharya, Krishna Prasad, Acharya, Narayan, Wilson, R. Trevor
The small densely populated country of Nepal rises from just above sea level to more than 8800 m and encompasses many agro-ecological zones. Rich in both nature and culture, livestock are integral to household and national economies. Most Nepalese consider the cow sacred, and slaughter is...
Analysis of Non-conformities in Road Transport of Animals in Poland
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Wasilewski, Jacek, Szczepanik, Małgorzata, Burski, Zbigniew, Juściński, Sławomir
The paper presents the results of analysis of inspections of animal transport vehicles in Poland in 2007–2016. Due to animal welfare and the increased epidemiological risk the animal control system included the points of carriage provided for in the animal carriage law, i.e., during transport, at...