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  1. Impact of therapy dog visits on outpatient nurse welfare and job satisfaction

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Stephanie D. Clark, Jessica M. Smidt, Brent A. Bauer

    Interaction with a therapy dog can decrease blood pressure, heart rate, and improve heart rate variability; due to these responses, it suggests that human-animal interaction can alleviate the stress response. This study aims to observe if the effects of therapy dog visits could alleviate...

  2. The Social Rank of Zoo-Housed Japanese Macaques is a Predictor of Visitor-Directed Aggression

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jocelyn M. Woods, Stephen R. Ross, Katherine A. Cronin

    The effect that visitors have on the behavior and welfare of animals is a widely-studied topic in zoo animal welfare. Typically, these studies focus on how the presence or activity levels of visitors affect animals. However, for many species, and particularly primates, social factors, such as...

  3. The Use of Specific Serological Biomarkers to Detect CaniLeish Vaccination in Dogs

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Carla Lima, Nuno Santarém, Javier Nieto, Javier Moreno, Eugenia Carrillo, Daniella Castanheira Bartholomeu, Lilian Lacerda Bueno, Ricardo Fujiwara, Célia Amorim, Anabela Cordeiro-da-Silva

    Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) prevention in the Mediterranean basin is considered essential to stop human zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis. In this context, vaccination of dogs is expected to have a significant impact in disease control. CaniLeish® (Virbac Animal Health) is one of a few CanL...

  4. Voluntary Rein Tension in Horses When Moving Unridden in a Dressage Frame Compared with Ridden Tests of the Same Horses—A Pilot Study

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lara Piccolo, Kathrin Kienapfel

    Too much rein tension while riding may compromise the welfare of the horse. But who generates the tension on the reins—the horse or the rider? The primary aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the maximum rein tension that horses voluntarily maintain without a rider compared to rein...

  5. Management and modeling approaches for controlling raccoon rabies: The road to elimination

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Stacey A. Elmore, Richard B. Chipman, Dennis Slate, Kathryn P. Huyvaert, Kurt C. VerCauteren, Amy T. Gilbert

    Rabies is an ancient viral disease that significantly impacts human and animal health throughout the world. In the developing parts of the world, dog bites represent the highest risk of rabies infection to people, livestock, and other animals. However, in North America, where several rabies...

  6. Insights about the Epidemiology of Dog Bites in a Canadian City Using a Dog Aggression Scale and Administrative Data

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Niamh Caffrey, Melanie Rock, Olivia Schmidtz, Doug Anderson, Melissa Parkinson, Sylvia L. Checkley

    Dog bites are a public health concern that also implicates animal welfare, with negative outcomes such as rehoming or euthanasia for the animals responsible. Previous research has shown that the severity of dog-bite injuries reflects multiple factors, including the degree of inhibition...

  7. Prevalence and Zoonotic Potential of Giardia intestinalis in Dogs of the Central Region of Mexico

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Elsa M. Godínez-Galaz, Nerina P. Veyna-Salazar, Andrea M. Olvera-Ramírez, Feliciano Milián-Suazo, Claudia A. Perea-Razo, Rodolfo Bernal-Reynaga, Germinal J. Cantó-Alarcón

    Giardia intestinalis is a protozoan of worldwide distribution capable of infecting a large number of species, including humans and domestic animals. Dogs represent a risk to public health due to cross-infections by the zoonotic assemblages. However, there is little information concerning...

  8. The Compliance of Current Small Animal CPR Practice With RECOVER Guidelines: An Internet-Based Survey

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Íde Gillespie, Daniel J. Fletcher, Mark A. Stevenson, Manuel Boller

    In 2012 the Reassessment Campaign on Veterinary Resuscitation (RECOVER) published evidence-based treatment recommendations for dogs and cats with cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA), to optimize the clinical practice of small animal CPR and positively impact outcomes. Six years after the release of...

  9. Evaluating the Behavior and Temperament of African Penguins in a Non-Contact Animal Encounter Program

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sana T. Saiyed, Lydia M. Hopper, Katherine A. Cronin

    Animal ambassador programs are increasingly prevalent in zoos, yet few studies have investigated their impact on animal welfare. We assessed the effects of an ambassador program on the behavior of a colony (N = 15) of zoo-housed African penguins (Spheniscus demersus) and evaluated whether...

  10. Biomedical Scent Detection Dogs: Would They Pass as a Health Technology?

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mirkka Koivusalo, Catherine Reeve

    Biomedical scent detection dogs identify the scent profiles of diseases, such as cancer, diabetes or pathogenic micro-organisms.  What the field of biomedical scent detection has been lacking, however, is the assessment of the method from the point of view of a health technology. All...

  11. We Are Not Equals: Socio-Cognitive Dimensions of Lion/Human Relationships

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Marcus Baynes-Rock, Elizabeth Marshall Thomas

    This article documents a peaceful, albeit tense relationship between Ju/’hoan and lions in the Nyae Nyae region of the Kalahari during the 1950s.1 Unlike contexts where lions kill livestock and people and are persecuted in return, the Ju/’hoan and lions of the Nyae Nyae shared...

  12. Changes in Serum Amyloid A (SAA) Concentration in Arabian Endurance Horses During First Training Season

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): OlgaWitkowska-Piłaszewicz, Piotr Ba˛ska, Michał Czopowicz, Magdalena Z˙migrodzka, Jarosław Szczepaniak, Ewa Szarska, Anna Winnicka, Anna Cywi´ nska

    Sport training leads to adaptation to physical effort that is reflected by the changes in blood parameters. In equine endurance athletes, blood testing is accepted as a support in training, however, only the changes before versus after exercise in creatine phosphokinase activity (CPK) and basic...

  13. Dogs in the criminal justice system: Consideration of facility and therapy dogs

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Elizabeth Spruin, Katarina Mozova

    It is known that the criminal justice process is most often perceived as a negative experience by victims, witnesses, as well as defendants. Whilst measures have been put into place across the globe to improve their experiences, there is still much more which needs to be done, especially as the...

  14. Feeding Enrichment in a Captive Pack of European Wolves (Canis Lupus Lupus): Assessing the Effects on Welfare and on a Zoo's Recreational, Educational and Conservational Role

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Giacomo Riggio, Chiara Mariti, Chiara Boncompagni, Simone Corosaniti, Massimiliano Di Giovanni, Asahi Ogi, Angelo Gazzano, Robert Thomas

    This study investigated the effects of two feeding enrichment programs on the behaviour of a captive pack of European wolves (Canis lupus lupus) and their correlation with both zoo visitors’ interest towards the exhibit and their overall perception of the species. Behavioural data...

  15. More Than "Just" Walking: An Observational Study of Dog-Related Physical Activities

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Benedikt Hielscher, Udo Ganslosser, Ingo Froboese

    Dog ownership has been shown to correlate with physical activity (PA). However, knowledge about the intensities of dog-related PA (drPA) is still lacking. To investigate the duration and intensity of drPA in consideration of PA guidelines, an observational study of dog owners (DO) was...

  16. Coyote (Canis latrans) diet in an urban environment: variation relative to pet conflicts, housing density, and season

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): S. A. Poessel, E. C. Mock, S. W. Breck

    Coyotes (Canis latrans Say, 1823) are highly successful in urbanized environments, but as they populate cities, conflict can occur and often manifests in the form of incidents with pets. To better understand whether coyotes view pets as prey or, alternatively, as competitors or a threat,...

  17. A Global Review of Animal–Visitor Interactions in Modern Zoos and Aquariums and Their Implications for Wild Animal Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Neil D’Cruze, Sophie Khan, Gemma Carder, David Megson, Emma Coulthard, John Norrey, Georgina Groves

    We provide an initial insight into the occurrence and characteristics of animal-visitor interactions (AVIs) involving captive wild animals within zoos and aquaria. Using information provided online via official public websites of modern zoos and aquaria, we found that AVIs were provided by the...

  18. Welfare Assessment in Shelter Dogs by Using Physiological and Immunological Parameters

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Cecilia Righi, Laura Menchetti, Riccardo Orlandi, Livia Moscati, Stefania Mancini, Silvana Diverio

    This study aimed to evaluate the state of welfare of a group of dogs during the first month after entering the shelter by using different stress parameters. Blood and fecal samples were collected from a group of 71 dogs at the time of admission to the shelter. In 46 of these dogs, sampling was...

  19. A Zoopolean look at animal research ethics

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Andrew T. Fenton

    I will discuss how animal laboratory research can be ethically analyzed using Donaldson and Kymlicka’s political theory of animal rights. To accomplish this, I will not presuppose their strong animal rights framework. Donaldson and Kymlicka’s approach revolves around some basic...

  20. Le chien : un loup domestiqué pour communiquer avec l'homme : l'agressivité du chien

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jean-Marie Giffroy

    Il est établi, sur la base des recherches en archéozoologie et en génétique moléculaire, que le loup serait le principal ancêtre du chien et que la domestication se serait produite il y a 14000 ou 15000 ans, soit 5000 ans avant la domestication d'une...