Effective Multidisciplinary Search Strategies for Assistance Animals: A Librarian's Perspective
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Erik Davis Fausak
Successful search strategies are based on good background knowledge and a focused clinical research question. Due to the multidisciplinary nature of research involving assistance animals means there is no one universal database to answer all research questions. The topic of assistance animals...
Using detection dogs and RSPF models to assess habitat suitability for bears in Greater Yellowstone
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jon P. Beckmann, Lisette P. Waits, Aimee Hurt, Alice Whitelaw, Scott Bergen
In the northern U.S. Rockies, including the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), connectivity is a concern because large carnivores have difficulties dispersing successfully between protected areas. One area of high conservation value because of its importance for connecting the GYE to...
Cat Colony Caretakers' Perceptions of Support and Opposition to TNR
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jacquie Rand, Andrea Hayward, Kuan Tan
Trap, neuter and return (TNR) is a non-lethal approach to urban cat management used effectively internationally to decrease urban cat numbers, but deemed illegal in Australia. We investigated perceived support and opposition to TNR experienced by respondents involved in TNR activities, as...
Conservation and Hunting: Till Death Do They Part? A Legal Ethnography of Deer Management
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Irus Braverman
Claims that hunters are exemplar conservationists would likely come as a surprise to many. Hunters, after all, kill animals. Isn’t there a better way to appreciate wildlife than to kill and consume it? Yet there is no mistake: wildlife managers frequently make the claim that hunters, in...
Being Nice Is Not Enough-Exploring Relationship-Centered Veterinary Care With Structural Equation Modeling. A Quantitative Study on German Pet Owners' Perception
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alina Maureen Küper, Roswitha Merle
During the last years, the philosophy of relationship-centered care gained increasing attention in veterinary medicine. Relationship-centered care is based on a joint venture between pet owner and veterinarians and therefore offers the opportunity to satisfy the pet owners’ need for...
Temperament in Captivity, Environmental Enrichment, Flight Ability, and Response to Humans in an Endangered Parrot Species
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ramos, G. A. P., Azevedo, C. S., Jardim, T. H. A., Sant'Anna, A. C.
Temperament assessment is useful in reintroduction programs. Reactivity to humans and flight ability are also important behavioral aspects for captive parrots candidates to reintroduction. The study aimed: a) to evaluate if behavioral responses to environmental enrichment differ as a function of...
Social Media Contexts Moderate Perceptions of Animals
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Riddle, E., MacKay, J. R. D.
The rapid rise of social media in the past decade represents a new space where animals are represented in human society, and this may influence human perceptions, for example driving desire for exotic pet keeping. In this study, 211 participants (49% female) between the ages of 18 to 44 were...
The ophthalmic health and refractive state of working dogs in South Brazil
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): de Oliveira, J. K., Bortolini, M., Schaller, M., Schuchmann, R. K., Moore, B. A., Montiani-Ferreira, F.
Background: Working dogs, such as police dogs and guide dogs, have important roles in the contemporary society by performing specific and demanding jobs. Ocular health and the maintenance of good visual acuity are imperative to strong work performance and thus human safety. Aim: The aim of this...
Grief severity: A comparison between human and companion animal death
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lavorgna, B. F., Hutton, V. E.
Grief severity was investigated and compared amongst 50 participants aged 18 to 65 years who had experienced the death of a human (n = 35) or the death of a companion animal (n = 15). Participants were recruited in Australia and completed an on-line self-report questionnaire package, measuring...
Equine-assisted interventions for veterans with service-related health conditions: a systematic mapping review
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Kinney, A. R., Eakman, A. M., Lassell, R., Wood, W.
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based treatments for service-related health conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are not effective for all veterans. Equine-assisted interventions are emerging as an additional treatment modality, but little is...
Dog Ownership and Training Reduces Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms and Increases Self-Compassion Among Veterans: Results of a Longitudinal Control Study
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Bergen-Cico, D., Smith, Y., Wolford, K., Gooley, C., Hannon, K., Woodruff, R., Spicer, M., Gump, B.
Objectives: The aims of this study were to measure the potential impact of a therapeutic dog ownership and training program for Veterans with symptoms of post-traumatic stress. Design: The study used a quasi-experimental design with two cohorts of Veterans-a dog owner-trainer intervention and a...
Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Cole, Justine, Fraser, David
Standards and policies intended to safeguard nonhuman animal welfare, whether in zoos, farms, or laboratories, have tended to emphasize features of the physical environment. However, research has now made it clear that very different welfare outcomes are commonly seen in facilities using similar...
Whither Zoos? An Inescapable Question
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Shapiro, Kenneth
As a founding coeditor of the Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science and a member of the International Advisory Committee of the Center for Zoo Animal Welfare and Ethics (CZAWE), I welcome this opportunity to publish for the third time (see earlier issues Volume 16, Number 4  and Volume...
Which Wild Aardvarks Are Most Suitable for Outdoor Enclosures in Zoological Gardens in the European Union?
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Patoka, Jiří, Vejtrubová, Markéta, Vrabec, Vladimír, Masopustová, Renata
The aardvark is popular in many zoological gardens in the European Union. These creatures are nocturnal, and aardvarks in the wild are known to walk distances of 4 km to 7 km per night. Despite what is known about their biology, most aardvarks are kept in zoological gardens in indoor enclosures...
Where Are Zoos Going—or Are They Gone?
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Safina, Carl
To some, zoos are prisons exploiting animals. In reality zoos range from bad to better. I make this distinction: A bad zoo makes animals work for it; a good zoo works for animals. Good zoos do effective conservation work and continually strive to improve exhibits, relevance to conservation, and...
What Makes a Dog Adoptable? An Eye-Tracking Investigation
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Isgate, Sara, Couchman, Justin J.
Humans readily attribute personality and behavioral traits to dogs, and these attributions influence decisions about adoption. This study focused on how these attributions could be influenced by breed and pose by using pictures of four breeds (Doberman Pinscher, Golden Retriever, pit bull, and...
What Is the Future for Zoos and Aquariums?
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Kagan, Ron, Allard, Stephanie, Carter, Scott
Animal welfare concerns have plagued the professional zoo and aquarium field for decades. Societal differences remain concerning the well-being of animals, but it appears a shift is emerging. Scientific studies of animal welfare have dramatically increased, establishing that many previous...
The Welfare of Bears in Zoos: A Case Study of Poland
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Maślak, Robert, Sergiel, Agnieszka, Bowles, David, Paśko, Łukasz
The welfare of captive bears became a big issue of concern in Poland when a case of a bear being ill-treated became a high-profile case in the media. This case created a challenge to verify, study, and understand the main problems associated with bear keeping so that zoos could significantly...
Welfare impacts of the illegal wildlife trade in a cohort of confiscated greater slow lorises, Nycticebus coucang
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Fuller, Grace, Eggen, Wilhelmina Frederica, Wirdateti, Wirdateti, Nekaris, K. A. I.
Illegal harvesting and trade are major forces behind population declines of wild slow lorises (genus Nycticebus). The impacts of the wildlife trade on individual slow lorises have not been as well described. In this article, we describe quantitatively the consequences of the wildlife trade for 77...
Welfare Impacts of Spay/Neuter-Focused Outreach on Companion Animals in New York City Public Housing
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Dolan, Emily D., Weiss, Emily, Slater, Margaret R.
Spay/neuter (S/N) programs aim to reduce shelter intake and euthanasia. However, there is little published evidence of a causal effect between S/N programs and shelter intake or euthanasia. To uncover any ancillary effects of S/N, this study examined the impact of S/N door-to-door outreach on...